The IEA said in its World Energy Outlook 2019 report that if current policies continue, demand will rise 1.3 percent annually through to 2040, "resulting in strains across all aspects of energy markets and a continued strong upward march in energy-related emissions".
Growing demand for SUVs in the US, China, Europe and elsewhere could negate all the environmental benefits of the increased use of electric cars, the report says. The IEA said that nearly 20% of the growth in last year's global energy use was "due to hotter summers pushing up demand for cooling and cold snaps leading to higher heating needs".
Putting electricity systems on a sustainable path will require more than just adding more renewables, the IEA said, adding that the world also needs to focus on the emissions that are "locked in" to existing systems.
The world's thirst for oil will continue to grow until the 2030s, with climate-damaging emissions climbing until at least 2040 - and consumers' insatiable appetite for SUVs is a big reason why.
Given the growth in coal demand across the region, it's essential that countries are supported to use the best available technology.
Global oil demand is also expected to boost on average by 1 million barrels per day until 2025, according to the latest IEA report.
But the momentum behind clean energy would not be enough to offset the effects of an expanding global economy and growing population. Tim Buckley, a Sydney-based analyst at the Institute for Energy Economics and Financial Analysis think tank, said the cost in the United States has fallen to below $40 per megawatt hour but the previous World Energy Outlook implied a current figure closer to $90.
"The IEA should be guiding the world away from the climate crisis.
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For this to happen, we need strong leadership from policymakers, as governments hold the clearest responsibility to act and have the greatest scope to shape the future", said Dr Fatih Birol, IEA executive director. The city's mayor blamed climate change.
The extreme weather driven by climate change also drives further energy consumption.
The prospect of "peak demand" has spread in the oil industry in recent years as countries seek to avert catastrophic climate change by diversifying from fossil fuels, and as renewable-energy sources get cheaper.
US tight crude oil production is seen rising to 11 million bpd in 2035 from 6 million bpd in 2018.
The research team, led by the Natural Resources Defense Council, a USA think tank, is urging China to cut its coal use by at least 400 million tonnes - 8% of the total - over the 2021-2025 period. That target is the most ambitious goal of the 2015 Paris Agreement, the global pact to curb global warming.
And with so much recently-built coal power on the system globally, plants will need to be fitted with technology to capture and store carbon emissions or to burn biomass, re-purpose them to provide backup to other sources or retire them early.
The report came as activist Greta Thunberg announced she will return to Europe soon from North America on a catamaran that leaves almost no carbon footprint, part of effort to call global attention to individuals' impact on climate change.
"Governments must take the lead", the report said.