According to the researchers, the 10 records for the least sea ice in the Arctic in October were produced between 2007 and 2019, an indicator of the warming tendency observed in that part of the planet in recent years. This is an especially important trend to note because this year (unlike 2015), there was no influence of strong El Niño (periodic, warm ocean) currents in the tropical Pacific Ocean this year. The Southern Hemisphere land and ocean surface temperature departure from average was the third warmest on record at 1.33°F above average, behind 2015 and 2018.
October 2019 was the 43rd-straight October to be warmer than the 20th-century average, and the 418th straight warmer-than-average month.
NOAA discovered that the typical worldwide land and ocean floor temperature for October was 1.76 levels (zero.98 levels Celsius) above the 20th century common, simply zero.11 of a level shy of the file heat October set in 2015. NASA and NOAA, alternatively, ranked October 2nd on their lists.
To date this one year, global land and ocean temperatures own strategy in at 1.69 levels (0.94 Celsius) above the 20th century moderate, fair 0.16 of a stage cooler than the anecdote warmest one year-to-date, location in 2016, NOAA found.
EU's Copernicus Service uses computer modeling data to analyse and monitor Earth's weather in nearly real-time whereas NOAA and NASA rely on weather service stations that tend to be biased involving their precise setting.
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Contemplating the Arctic is warming at greater than twice the speed of the remainder of the world, this implies NOAA's information might be barely underestimating worldwide temperatures, although it would not be by a lot. However, both agencies work to adjust their records to remove such issues.
Last month, the average temperature in Europe, Africa, Oceania (the region including Australia, New Zealand and many islands in the South Pacific), the Caribbean and the islands of Hawaii are among the three highest record for the month of October.
The Western United States, where much of the Rockies are located, was the only region of record cold for the month. Moreover, human activities like burning fossil fuels for energy are the main contributors of greenhouse gases.
Interestingly, despite the absence of a declared El Niño in the tropical Pacific, global average sea-surface temperatures ranked second-warmest on record for the month, running less than a tenth of a degree behind the record year of 2016, when there was an intense El Niño event.