The decision to hear the case marks a temporary win for Google, which in January petitioned the court to intervene in the 9-year-old court battle. A United States court of appeal, however, had a different opinion and past year referred the case back to a federal court in California that had to consider possible damages.
Google won twice in lower courts, but lost to Oracle in the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Federal Circuit, who ruled that Google using the copyrighted code for Android did not constitute fair use. If Google is ultimately liable for infringement, the damages claim could well be into billions of dollars.
Google said it welcomed the court's decision to review the case.
Google contends the appeals court ruling would make it harder to use interfaces to develop new applications.
The dispute centers on Google using the Oracle-owned programming language Java as the backbone of its widely used Android operating system. Oracle obtained the rights to the language through its 2010 acquisition of Sun Microsystems Inc. for $7.4 billion. In 2014, the appeals court reversed a federal judge's ruling that Oracle's interfaces could not be copyrighted.
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At issue is code Google was said to have cribbed from Sun in order to piece together the Java API in Android.
Oracle, however, says fair use is no way to describe how Google tapped into Java. Oracle disagrees with this interpretation and says the lines of code are a creative product.
Members of the Trump administration have expressed support for Oracle's side of the argument, while major players in the tech sector - including Microsoft and Mozilla - expressed support for Google.
After the appeals court overturned that ruling, a jury found in a second trial that Google had made "fair use" of the programming code.