After the Islamic State group swept across the region in 2014, the Kurd-led Syrian Democratic Forces (SDF) mounted a fierce defence of their heartland and became the US-led coalition's main partner on the ground.
Members of The American Rojava Center for Democracy, an organization that advocates for freedom, democracy, and peace in Syria, take part with other activists in a rally to protest Turkey's incursion into Kurdish-controlled northeast Syria and urge USA action against Turkey, outside the White House in Washington, U.S, October 12, 2019.
Since Wednesday, Turkish troops and Syrian opposition fighters backed by Ankara have been advancing under the cover of airstrikes and artillery shelling, reaching the Manbij-Qamishli road about 30 kilometers (19 miles) south of the Turkish border.
Foreign Minister Sameh Shokry in the Arab League emergency meeting on Turkey's aggression against Syria in Cairo, Egypt. October 12, 2019.
Iraq, the current president of the League, said the offensive "will exacerbate humanitarian crises, increase the suffering of the Syrian people and strengthen the ability of terrorists to reorganize their remnants".
A number of countries have condemned Turkey's offensive, and Finland, Norway and The Netherlands have already announced that they are stopping arms exports to the country.
Abou El Gheit added that Syria's security is part of the Arab World's national security urging Turkey to stop its military operations and withdraw its forces from Syrian territories. "Inspections are being conducted in residential areas".
"In expectation of the end of this offensive, France has chose to suspend all plans to export to Turkey weapons that could be used in this offensive", the joint Saturday statement from the ministries read.
France, Germany halt arms exports to Turkey over Syria invasion
Aid agencies have warned of a humanitarian crisis, with almost a half-million people at risk in northeastern Syria. On Friday , the SDF said several ISIS prisoners had escaped a facility in Qamishli after Turkey forces bombed it.
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Almost 200000 people displaced by Turkey's Syria offensive
President Donald Trump , and warned about a possible resurgence of Islamic State activity as a result of the military action. Ras al-Ain would be the first town to fall to Ankara's forces since the launch of its cross-border offensive on Wednesday.
Pressure is building on Turkey to halt its operation, but President Recep Tayyip Erdogan says it will continue.
Turkey says its aim is to defeat the Kurdish YPG militia, which it sees as an enemy for its links to insurgents in Turkey.
A woman from Kobani is screaming at U.S. soldiers in front one of their bases for not doing efforts to stop the Turkish offensive on NE Syria. these people fled last night due to the heavy shelling on Kobani by Turkey.
A civilian wounded in a mortar strike from Syria the previous day in the Turkish border town of Suruc died, Anadolu news agency also reported Saturday, bringing the civilian death toll to 18 in Turkey.
Treasury Secretary Steven Mnuchin said President Trump had authorised officials to draft what he called "very significant" new economic sanctions against Turkey.
The Syrian Observatory for Human Rights, a UK-based group which reviews on the battle, mentioned Turkey-backed teams had killed 9 civilians on the highway, together with Hervin Khalaf, co-chair of the secular Future Syria Get together.
He said that Turkey launched multiple 155mm shells at the area, creating a 'bracketing effect'.
Overnight a vehicle bomb exploded outside the wall of the prison in Hasaka in northeast Syria, causing serious damage but no casualties, a statement from security forces in the region said. It did not say if any Islamic State prisoners there had escaped. "We could have closed our borders and let them go to Europe, but we fought and died to end them".