On Tuesday, Peebles, 84, won the Nobel Prize in physics, sharing the $1.2 million award with Swiss scientists Michel Mayor and Didier Queloz for revealing the wonder of the evolution of the universe and discovering planets orbiting distant suns.
The three will share the Nobel prize sum of nine million Swedish kronor (about $914,000 or 833,000 euros). "In the mid-1960s, James Peebles realized the importance of cosmic radiation".
In 2018, the honour went to Arthur Ashkin of the US, Gerard Mourou of France and Donna Strickland of the US for laser inventions used for advanced precision instruments in corrective eye surgery and in industry.
Thunberg's category, the victor of which will be announced on Friday, is one of five created by Alfred Nobel in his third and last will in 1895, which left much of his wealth to establishing a prize for those who "conferred the greatest benefit to humankind" during the preceding year.
Peebles was key in transforming the field of cosmology - the study of the universe's origin and evolution - from one of speculation to actual science, according to the Nobel Prize organization. "It's much easier for fundraisers and policymakers to say we will support scientists, but ... tell us how it will improve outcomes in five years", Kaelin said. It was called 51 Pegasi.
The predawn phone call from Stockholm announcing the award is the induction to a very exclusive club, and it kicked off a frenzied day of media interviews, standing ovations and requests to take selfies for scientists more accustomed to spending time in the lab than in the limelight.
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The three scientists will split the award, worth about US$900,000, equally. "Their discoveries have also paved the way for promising new strategies to fight anemia, cancer and many other diseases". "Their discoveries have forever changed our conceptions of the world", the secretary-general of the academy, Goran Hansson, said.
The peace prize, which a year ago went to Denis Mukwege and Nadia Murad for helping to end the use of sexual violence as a weapon of war, will be announced on Friday.
"This year's Nobel Prize recognizes remarkable advances in cosmology and extrasolar planetary science", said APS CEO Kate Kirby. In about 25 years, we've gone through multiple generations of hardware (including several space-based observatories), identified thousands of exoplanets, and started to characterize their atmospheres.
Swedish TV4 asked, "It's been 14 billion years since our Universe was created".
Good morning! I'm Emma Löfgren and I will be your slightly confused host as I guide you through the science behind this week's Nobel Prizes.
The Nobel Prize, first awarded in 1901, is widely considered the highest honor in science, economics, and literature.