A US$20 million (S$27.8 million) offer of aid from the Group of Seven nations to help fight fires and protect the rainforest stalled after President Bolsonaro said Mr Macron would have to apologise for remarks he had made.
The far-right leader's comments come as the latest official data show thousands of new fires were ignited across Brazil on Thursday - the first day of a ban on burning - with majority in the Amazon basin.
Without offering evidence, the Brazilian leader had initially suggested that non-governmental groups started the fires to try to damage the credibility of his government, which has called for looser environmental regulations in the world's largest rainforest to spur development. A little over half those fires are in the Amazon.
It says it will not buy Brazilian leather again until the government shows it is committed to curbing climate change.
He also announced on Wednesday that South American leaders will meet on September 6 in Colombia to discuss policy surrounding the situation in the Amazon, according to Brazilian state news agency Agencia Brasil.
Mr Araujo told reporters after meeting Mr Trump that the fires "are not an excuse to promote ideas of worldwide management of the Amazon", though he said the South American country is open to cooperation with other countries.
The government in Chile has lent four planes to Brazil in order to help fight the fires - it is believed they have been dropping water on the land.
On the eve of the G7 summit last week, Macron declared the forest fires, which are also affecting Bolivia, an "international crisis" and put them on the agenda of the gathering of the rich democracies.
About 60 per cent of the Amazon region is in Brazil.
Son Eduardo Bolsonaro, who is a congressman, and Foreign Minister Ernesto Araújo are in the US for a conversation with Trump, according to the Brazilian leader.
On Thursday, Brazil banned most legal fires for land-clearing for 60 days in an attempt to stop the burning.
This year, however, there's been a 77 percent uptick in fires compared to the same period last year - a total of 83,000 blazes, the network reported, citing data from the National Institute for Space Research (Inpe). Thousands of hectares of forest have already been destroyed.
Norwegian pension fund KLP, which has $80bn in assets under management, said this week it had contacted U.S. companies Bunge, Cargill and Archer Daniels Midland asking for "concrete action" to protect the rainforest.
Almost 1,500 of the new fires were in the vast Amazon basin.
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