The 180-cm tall Skybot F-850 humanoid robot weighing 160 kilos is meant to be tested for capacities to perform hazardous tasks onboard the ISS including during spacewalks, a Roscosmos statement said. In general, the robot Fedor will act as an artificial cosmonaut, the Roscosmos chief said.
With all systems go, the rocket lifted off from the Gagarin Start launch pad at 6:38 Moscow time.
Russian Federation has launched a rocket carrying a life-sized robot to the International Space Station.
Humanoid robot Fedor is the first ever to be sent up to space by Russian Federation. "It will be a test flight for the Soyuz-2.1a carrier rocket, which was previously used for delivering space freighters and various satellites to orbit", Russia's Roscosmos space corporation said.
Nicknamed Fedor, the robot will spend 10 days at the International Space Station where it will learn a range of skills: from connecting electric cables to operating a fire extinguisher.
Named "Fedor", for Final Experimental Demonstration Object Research, with the identification number "Skybot F850", the robot is the first ever sent up by Russian Federation.
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Bloshenko added that it is hoped robots such as Fedor will eventually carry out risky operations such as spacewalks.
Such robots will eventually carry out unsafe operations such as space walks, Bloshenko told the state news agency RIA Novosti.
On the website of one of the state backers of the project, the Foundation of Advanced Research Projects, Fedor is described as potentially useful on Earth for working in high radiation environments, de-mining and tricky rescue missions.
On board, the robotic will carry out duties supervised by Russian cosmonaut Alexander Skvortsov, who joined the ISS final month, and can put on an exoskeleton in a collection of experiments scheduled for later this month.
Putin's deputy premier, Dmitry Rogozin, claimed the war in Syria had shown Russian Federation the importance of robots in hard environments, and promised Fedor would make its space debut in five years - a deadline it will soon meet.
It was flown again to Earth in 2018 after experiencing technical issues. Developed with Toyota, it was capable of maintain conversations - albeit exclusively in Japanese.