Earlier this month, the US officially pulled out the 1987 Intermediate-Range Nuclear Forces (INF) Treaty, which banned ground-launched missiles with a range of between 300 and 3,400 miles.
Deputy Russian Ambassador to the UN Dmitry Polyanskiy criticized what he called American "hypocrisy", asserting that the U.S. "consistently and deliberately violated the INF treaty for some time", and that the missile test on August 18 proved it.
"Taking into account the new circumstances, I instruct the Defense Ministry of the Russian Federation, the Foreign Ministry, and other relevant institutions to analyze the threat level posed by the above-mentioned actions of the United States to our country, and to take comprehensive measures to prepare a symmetrical response", Putin said.
He said Moscow was against placement of the launchers in Poland in Romania as part of a missile defence system, but the USA denied they could be used offensively to launch Tomahawks.
This is a second reaction by Putin to the USA missile test. Putin said Wednesday that the test means "the emergence of new threats, to which we will react accordingly".
He added the missile test that came just 16 days after the INF treaty's termination has shown that the USA long had started work on the new systems banned by the treaty.
Putin has previously pledged that Russian Federation wouldn't deploy the missiles previously banned by the INF Treaty to any area before the US does that first, but he noted Friday that the use of the universal launcher means that a covert deployment is possible.
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Washington's "true intentions", he said, are to "deploy formerly banned weapons in various regions of the world".
Russian Federation "will not be pulled into an expensive arms race destructive for our economy" but will need to "ensure the safety of our people and our country", he said.
Speaking at a government meeting, Putin said the launch of the nuclear-capable Tomahawk missile with a MK-41 launcher confirmed prior suspicions that the United States had planned to place banned weapons in Europe. Pacific Daylight Time, the Defense Department conducted a flight test of a conventionally configured ground-launched cruise missile at San Nicolas Island, Calif. It applied to deployed and non-deployed ground-based missiles of intermediate range (1,000-5,000 kilometers) and shorter range (500-1,000 kilometers).
The Russian leader noted that Sunday's test was performed from a launcher similar to those deployed at a US missile defense site in Romania.
The UN Under-Secretary-General and High Representative for Disarmament Affairs, Izumi Nakamitsu, said the ending of the INF treaty should not be the catalyst for renewed and unconstrained competition in missile development, acquisition and proliferation.
"The United States will not remain a party to a treaty that is deliberately violated by Russian Federation", said USA acting ambassador to the U.N. Stephen Cohen.
The United States has said it has no imminent plans to deploy new land-based missiles in Europe.