It comes in circumstances that have been created by anti-Brexit MPs and the House of Commons.
The move is seen by remainer MPs as an attempt to limit their influence on proceedings so the government can force through a No-Deal.
The news that the government is set to suspend Parliament has, inevitably, fuelled speculation that we could be heading for an early election.
It would have been impossible for the Queen to turn down the prime minister's request, our royal correspondent Jonny Dymond writes.
Asked whether the move was because he was planning an early general election before the end of the year, Mr Johnson said: "No, what you should take from this is we are doing exactly what I said on the steps of Downing Street which is that we must get on now with our legislative domestic agenda".
But No 10 hit out at MPs engaged in the "block Boris" strategy with a senior source branding them "anti-democrats".
Asked if Mr Johnson moved quickly - faced with MPs seeking to take control of Parliament - to try to get a swift audience with the Queen - now at Balmoral - to prorogue Parliament, Ms Cherry insisted MPs would have a legal means to stop him.
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She continued: "I will certainly do everything I can within my means to hold the Prime Minister to account and to ensure he doesn't pursue that reckless and very unsafe path."The text of the "Church House Declaration" reads: "Shutting down Parliament would be an undemocratic outrage at such a crucial moment for our country, and a historic constitutional crisis".
Bercow is expected to ensure the Commons has a chance to discuss the move, and table legislation to combat no deal, as soon as it returns from the summer recess.
Members of Parliament are due to return on September 3, and the government's move means they will only have around a week to pass any legislation to prevent a no-deal Brexit before the suspension.
After Jeremy Corbyn led talks which produced a cross-party agreement to work on preventing a no-deal Brexit, Downing Street insiders accused those involved of trying to "sabotage" talks with Brussels.
"We as MPs were voted in by the public to represent them and act in their interests, it's not right that we could effectively be frozen out of contributing to the biggest political issue in a generation".
The Institute for Government outlined one potential timetable for an SO24 motion being used to block no-deal.
"There will be ample time on both sides of that crucial October 17 summit in Parliament for MPs to debate the European Union, debate Brexit and all the other issues", he said. However, with this move, parliamentary democracy is being undermined and sacrificed on the altar of Brexit, which puts us in extremely unsafe territory.