Former South African President Jacob Zuma is appearing before a judicial panel for the first time to answer accusations that he consented to and benefited from widespread looting during his nine-year rule.
Zuma's lawyer, Muzi Sikhakhane, said he had reservations about the ex-president appearing before the commission, complaining that his client hasn't been given sufficient opportunity to prepare for questions he may face.
He was replaced by incumbent President Cyril Ramaphosa.
A number of former senior members of government testified that they had been told by the Gupta brothers about their imminent appointment by Zuma about their appointment as ministers even before the former President had called them.
Mr. Zuma has always denied any wrong doing.
Zuma pointed to covert global intelligence operations, multiple assassination attempts and fierce factional battles as examples of the methods undertaken to remove him from the public eye.
Former finance minister Nhlanhla Nene, who was sacked by Zuma in 2015, testified that Zuma pushed policies on nuclear power and aviation that were created to benefit the Gupta family. "Did I auction Johannesburg?" he said.
"This commission, according to those who are implementing things, must be the grave of Zuma", he said.
The allegations focus on his relationship with the controversial Gupta family, which was accused of influencing cabinet appointments and winning lucrative state tenders through corruption.
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Since it launched its hearings, the Zondo Commission has compiled a thick case against the former president.
A former deputy finance minister, Mcebisi Jones, testified that the Gupta family offered him the job of finance minister.
Eager to distance himself from the Zuma era, Ramaphosa has declared his presidency as a "new dawn" for the country and described the inquiry as a "very painful process".
Dismissing the term "state capture", he said it was impossible for one family to corrupt the government, parliament and the judiciary.
Zuma's hearing is scheduled to begin at 10 a.m.
A number of Zuma supporters clapped and chanted his name when the former head of State arrived at the commission in Johannesburg. "It's me who put them into trouble, because I said your paper is so successful and so your TV thing can be successful".
But he has been hampered by the lingering influence that Zuma and his allies exert over the ANC's top decision-making bodies, as well as by the scale of the problems he inherited.
The Indian-born Gupta brothers - Ajay, Atul and Rajesh - have left South Africa and are now based in Dubai.
The inquiry is a rare example of an African leader being brought to book soon after losing power.