With light rain falling on the Satish Dhawan Space Centre at Sriharikota, an island off the coast of southern Andhra Pradesh state, President Ram Nath Kovind joined 7,000 dignitaries and flag-waving school children waiting for the launch. Unlike, Chandrayaan-1, this Lunar Mission will attempt to soft land "Vikram" on the Lunar surface and deploy a six-wheeled Rover (Pragyaan), which will carry out scientific experiments on the Moon.
India has successfully launched its mission to explore the south pole of the Moon, in the most complex space mission by a country keen to maintain a place at the forefront of space exploration.
Prime Minister Narendra Modi praised the "prowess" of India's scientists and the "determination" of its citizens.
Chandrayaan-2 is headed for the Moon's south pole.
It will take about 47 days to travel before landing on the moon in September.
Speaking about how Isro addressed the snag, Sivan said: "The team swung into action". That first lunar spacecraft, Chandrayaan-1, used radar to map the moon's surface but did not touch down on the moon.
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However, these rain showers will become more widespread and heavier throughout Monday afternoon and evening. The skies will clear Tuesday but the mild temperatures will remain as highs stay in the 70s.
The liftoff marks India's bid to become only the fourth nation to land a spacecraft on the moon. The remedy of the obstacle and launch prompted the head of India's space missions to say that his agency "had bounced back with flying colors" after the abort of the initial launch. Isro, India's space agency, chief K Sivan said after the launch that the mission was the beginning of the historical journey of India towards the Moon. "There are few things as unifying for a nation as a successful space programme, and, over the past few weeks, Chandrayaan-2 posters have popped up everywhere and schoolchildren have been hunched over rockets made from soda bottles, learning the physics of rocketry", the report noted. This mission was originally planned for 2014, but was delayed because the Russian space agency, Roscosmos, a partner in the project, failed to deliver a rover. The director said in his tweet that India has created history with the successful launch of Chandrayaan 2.
The mission also comes at an important time for Indian space efforts, Namrata Goswami, an independent analyst on space policy, told SpaceNews.
As India's rocket soared on a historic attempt to put a landing craft on the surface of the moon, so did the joy of millions of Indians across the globe.
As the Apollo missions the USA spent the weekend commemorating prove, it doesn't necessarily have to take seven weeks to land on the moon.
India's low-priced, homegrown technology that has powered its space program is a source of national pride and inspiration. "This mission will offer new knowledge about the Moon", he wrote on Twitter.
After 16 minutes into its flight, GSLV-Mk III placed Chandrayaan-2 into an Earth-parking 170x40,400 km orbit.