The other products on which duties will be hiked include certain kind of nuts, iron and steel products, apples, pears, flat-rolled products of stainless steel, other alloy steel, tube and pipe fittings, and screws, bolts and rivets.
Pompeo and Jaishankar face the challenge of ironing out a number of thorny issues such as the withdrawal of the GSP scheme, the negative fall-out of the U.S. curbs on purchase of Iranian oil by India and New Delhi's decision to go ahead with the deal with Russian Federation to purchase S-400 missile defence system.
On Wednesday Pompeo had said the United States was open to dialogue with India and would "broach some tough topics".
But it delayed raising tariffs several times as trade talks between the world's two biggest democracies raised hopes of a resolution. This had pushed India to impose retaliatory tariffs on usa products in a bid to come at par with the United States in terms of additional custom duty "earnings".
The move is a response to higher tariffs imposed by Washington on Indian products like steel and aluminium.
The higher custom duty would be applicable from June 16.
US-India bilateral alternate used to be rate $142bn (£111bn) in 2018, a sevenfold extend since 2001, in step with US figures. The US trade deficit with India was $24.2 billion, according to official data.
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India and the U.S. enjoy close bilateral ties, but Washington has long accused India of being a "high-tariff country" that limits access to its huge market.
The tariffs come just days ahead of a scheduled meeting between Trump and Prime Minister Narendra Modi at the G-20 summit.
India was the largest beneficiary of the programme in 2017 with $5.6 billion worth of exports to the United States being given duty-free status, according to a Congressional Research Service report issued in January.
However Trump's decision this month to strip New Delhi of its preferential trade status appears to have prompted the latest Indian move.
US Secretary of State Mike Pompeo, who is expected to visit India this month, said this week that the US was open to dialogue with India by allowing US firms more access to Indian markets.
Unlike other trade battles that President Donald Trump has waged, such as the increasingly bitter feud with China, the conflict with India threatens far less economic pain to either country.