Analysts had been expecting the report to peg 2019/20 USA corn production at 14.251 billion bushels, based on an average yield of 172.4 bushels per acre, according to the average of estimates in a Reuters poll.
Traders are anxiously awaiting Monday afternoon's latest crop progress reports, followed by Tuesday's monthly USDA supply and demand report that will update United States and world grain balance sheets.
The U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) released on Monday the latest export inspection report, showing 714,627 metric tons of soybeans were inspected during the week ending June 6, notably higher than 510,482 metric tons in the previous period.
"Grain markets are lower for a second straight session, with prices falling as farmers are expected to get a well-needed window of dry weather this week to complete planting", brokerage Allendale said in a market note.
"It would not come as a shock for trade to quickly digest these numbers and quickly turn attention back to planting and weather for price discovery".
The most active corn contract for July delivery closed 12 cents higher, or 2.89 percent at 4.2775 USA dollars per bushel.
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The CBOT's most active soybean contract fell 0.5 percent to $8.51-3/4 a bushel. Corn planting is normally finished by this time of year. Prices have since eased but farmers remain anxious that unfavorable weather will reduce harvests and their profits as the sector is grappling with a U.S.
IN farmers made a lot of progress this past week in crop planting even as constant spring rains leave them far behind normal.
The agency's weekly crop report, released on Monday, showed US corn planting was 83% complete, up from 67% a week earlier and matching analyst expectations.
But traders said the planting delays made it hard to know the true condition of the corn crop. United States weather firm Maxar said dry weather across the heart of the corn belt was favourable for planting yet to be done. Wheat slid, falling for two of three sessions on improved conditions of the USA spring wheat, while soybeans fell after closing higher on Monday.
The USDA rated the nation's winter wheat crop as 64% good-to-excellent, unchanged from a week ago and topping the average market forecast of 63%.