Bill S-203, the "Ending the Captivity of Whales and Dolphins Act", originated in the Senate in 2015, and was passed by the House of Commons on Monday.
Canada's Senate passed the measure a year ago, and the House of Commons voted to approve it on Monday. People who breed or impregnate a cetacean or possess/seek to obtain reproductive materials of cetaceans, including sperm or an embryo, were also included in the bill.
"We've known for some time now that cetaceans are a highly intelligent, social, deep-diving species whose needs simple can not be met in a tank", says Dr. Dubois, the BC SPCA's chief scientific officer.
"Many other countries are doing that and Canada will be one of them", Trudeau said. "Cetaceans require the ocean, they require the space, they require acoustic communication over long distances", Green Party Leader Elizabeth May said in an interview with The Canadian Press.
The bill, which is expected to become law, took several years to pass in the House of Commons after it was initially introduced in 2015.
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Philip Demers, a former senior trainer at Marineland who blew the whistle on the theme park in 2012, called the bill a "big victory".
Gord Johns, the NDP critic for fisheries and oceans said the bill's passage marked "a celebration for cetaeans, for animals rights, the planet and our oceans". It recently filed a lawsuit aiming to reverse a ban already in effect outlawing the captivity. Exceptions to the measure includes animals being rescued or rehabilitated or those cleared for scientific research. Breeding is also banned.
Marineland, meanwhile, has told the government it has more than 50 belugas at its facility.
According to CBC, the bill bans keeping and breeding the aquatic mammals and anyone caught doing so could end up with fines of up to CAD $200,000 (USD $150,000 / £118,000). Two will be sent to Spain, approval has been received, and five more are planning to export to the United States.
Marineland, in Niagara Falls, argued that that Invoice S-203 means that its actions pause now not quantity to animal cruelty.