Governors and lawmakers across the country are rushing to pass highly restrictive abortion bills in hopes of attracting the attention of what they see as the most antiabortion U.S. Supreme Court in decades.
Like numerous abortion bans that have been passed on the state level, the Alabama law is expected to face an nearly immediate legal challenge and even if it is signed into law by the governor, it is unlikely to go into immediate effect.
The move is part of a multistate effort to have the US Supreme Court reconsider a woman's constitutional right to an abortion.
Republican Lt. Gov. Will Ainsworth said in an interview before the vote that the debate was about the idea of "personhood" and whether a fetus has rights from the outset.
After Democratic Sen. Rodger Smitherman questioned Chambliss about what would happen when women are victimized - he used an example of a 12-year-old girl who is raped by a relative - Chambliss said the victim should get help right away.
The Alabama bill goes further by seeking to outlaw abortion outright.
"Our bill says that baby in the womb is a person, " Republican Representative Terri Collins, the bill's sponsor, said Monday.
The legislation - House Bill 314, "Human Life Protection Act" - bans all abortions in the state except when "abortion is necessary in order to prevent a serious health risk" to the woman, according to the bill's text.
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Democratic Gov. Gretchen Whitmer is expected to veto the legislation, which can not go to her desk until next week at the earliest. Kentucky, Mississippi, Ohio and Georgia have approved bans on abortion once a fetal heartbeat is detected, which can occur in about the sixth week of pregnancy.
Senators rejected an attempt to add an exception for rape and incest.
The debate became emotional at times as Democratic Sen.
Doctors in the state would face felony jail time up to 99 years if convicted.
Similarly restrictive abortion bans in Kentucky and MS already are before the courts, and lawmakers in Alabama are fully aware that judges are likely to intervene. "Know this, Governor Ivey: If you sign this risky bill into law, we will see you in Court".
In other words, an abortionist providing an illegal abortion, or a man beating a woman and killing her baby, would be in deep legal trouble for murder; not the woman so-called "self-terminating".
If signed into law, the bill would take effect in six months. The American Civil Liberties Union of Alabama said a complaint is being drafted to challenge the ban.
"As this legislation is still making its way through the legislative process, the governor intends to withhold comment until it makes its way to her desk for signature", deputy press secretary Lori Jhons wrote in an email.