According to the Centers for Disease Control, before the vaccine was licensed in the early 1960s, the US would see an average around 500,000 cases of measles every year. Clark County Public Health says they are not releasing that person's identity in order to protect their privacy.
The U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention attributes the rise in measles to un-vaccinated travelers who get exposed and bring it to the United States and to those who chose not to get vaccinated.
Exactly. The anti-vaccine movement isn't about "free choice" or "parents make the best decisions for their child, not the government".
Some parents refuse to have their children vaccinated due to religious or philosophical reasons or they might have heard from others about someone who became violently ill after being vaccinated.
Across the USA, 10 states - California, Colorado, Connecticut, Georgia, Illinois, New Jersey, New York, Oregon, Texas and Washington - reported 79 confirmed measles cases in January, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.
Before the vaccine was available, 400 to 500 people died from the measles each year and 50,000 had to be hospitalized.
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A measles outbreak in the Portland, Ore., area has revived a bitter debate over "philosophical" exemptions to childhood vaccinations as public health officials across the Northwest scramble to limit the fallout. At least eight other states have reported measles cases this year: Hawaii, Oregon, New York, Pennsylvania, Connecticut, Colorado, California and Georgia.
CDC recommends all children get two doses of MMR vaccine, starting with the first dose at 12- through 15-months of age, and the second dose at 4 through 6 years of age.
Dr. Scott Lindquist, a Washington state epidemiologist, said the state health department is seeing new cases every day. Measles vaccine does not cause measles illness.
In 2017, about 85% of the world's children received one dose of measles vaccine by their first birthday - up from 72% in 2000, according to WHO, which calculates that for the period from 2000 to 2017, vaccination prevented an estimated 21.1 million deaths due to measles. Doctors say one dose of the MMR [measles, mumps, rubela] vaccine is about 93 percent effective.
Ten states reported affected patients with measles, but none in Wyoming. There are large measles outbreaks ongoing in both of those countries.
Despite the high number of patients, De Guzman clarified that the hospital is still taking in more patients with measles. The outbreak in Clark County has been concentrated mostly among unvaccinated children.