He told the court he rejected the extradition request, saying he was detained and tortured for opposing the government, before he fled to Australia more than four years ago.
Former Socceroo Craig Foster, who has visited Al-Araibi in prison and has been a tireless campaigner for his release, shouted support as Al-Araibi walked by.
"Any move by the Thai government to extradite Hakeem would seriously tarnish Thailand's reputation as a country that abides by fundamental worldwide human rights principles", Jones told Al Jazeera. He told the court he refused to be extradited from Thailand back to Bahrain.
Chatchom said he had received a letter from Australian prosecutors indicating that Al-Araibi has refugee status in Australia but, he said, he must "consider all the facts in the case" and that Al-Araibi can also present such evidence to the court.
Al-Araibi was taken into custody on November 27 by Thai Immigration officers acting on an Interpol Red Notice requested by Bahrain, even though it is against the agency's policy of non-refoulement of refugees.
In court Al-Araibi stood as the judge read out the allegations against him from the Bahraini government.
Hakeem al-Araibi's rejection of extradition means a trial will be held to determine whether Thai authorities will send him to Bahrain, where he fears he is at risk of torture, or release him so he can return to Australia.
Last week, a Thai prosecutor submitted the Bahraini extradition request to the court, saying it showed Araibi had committed criminal wrongdoing and so should be extradited.
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His supporters say he should be freed, declaring that he is protected under his status as a refugee with Australian residency.
Thailand's judiciary will decide the matter, the country's deputy foreign minister said.
Chatchom Akapin, director general of the Thai attorney general's global affairs department, has said the extradition request is for a criminal act.
In the early days of Al-Araibi's detention, tax arrangements and retail developments between the two nations were reported.
Interpol later cancelled the notice on learning he was granted refugee status.
Bahrain insists that his trial was fair and that he should return home if he wants to launch an appeal against the conviction.
Foster has been in Bangkok to push for al-Araibi's release.
Al-Araibi told The Guardian last month he believed Bahrain was seeking his return as retribution for public comments he made in 2016 criticising Sheikh Salman al-Khalifa over his failure to protect athletes during Bahrain's crackdown on pro-democracy protests in 2011 and 2012.
Advocates and supporters of al-Araibi have called on Federation Internationale de Football Association and the International Olympic Committee to enact immediate sanctions on Bahrain and Thailand to pressure the two governments to allowing al-Araibi to return to Australia.