In a year when a record number of women are running for Congress and races across the country include more candidates of color and more gay, lesbian and transgender candidates, Tlaib and Omar add to the diversity of newcomers to the electoral process. She has captured national attention because of her life story as a refugee who made her way into elected office.
A hijab wearing mother of three, Ilhan is married to a Somali-American Ahmed Hirsi.
She also faced Islamophobic attacks during her campaign from some conservative media outlets.
Omar, another Democrat, is a Somali-American who came to the USA over two decades ago as a refugee.
DFL Candidate: Ilhan Omar.
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Omar, who arrived in the United States at the age of 14 after fleeing civil war in Somalia and lived in Kenya's Dadaab camp, campaigned on a platform which called for universal healthcare and tuition-free colleges. Tlaib favors a one-state solution to the Israeli-Palestinian conflict and has opposed United States aid to Israel.
The seat Omar won, Minnesota's 5th district, was formerly held by Rep. Keith Ellison, who was the first Muslim to take a seat in Congress. Ellison did not run for re-election as he sought the state attorney generalship. She spent four years in Dadaab until her family was cleared to emigrate to the US. She campaigned on a progressive platform and won the endorsement of the Democratic Party's fledging progressive wing, including Alexandria Ocasio-Cortez.
Rashida Tlaib is the Detroit-born daughter of Palestinian immigrants - the eldest of 14 children. A proud Palestinian, Tlaib has also been an advocate for Palestinian rights and is an outspoken critic of Trump.
Rashida played a major role in raising her siblings as her parents worked or relied on welfare are for support.
Also in the Senate, Republican Marsha Blackburn will become Tennessee's first woman senator.