Traveling with his wife Peng Liyuan, Xi became the first-ever Chinese leader to visit Rwanda when he arrived on Sunday.
Prime Minister Narendra Modi to embark on a 5-day visit to Rwanda, Uganda and South Africa. Both India and China are vying for strategic space in this small but important nation.
The Indian community is making a mark all over the world and they are the country's "rashtradoots" (ambassadors), Prime Minister Narendra Modi told a gathering of Indians in Rwanda.
While China has 43 missions in the African continent including one in Rwanda, India is yet to open its mission in Kigali.
"They will jointly witness the signing of a series of cooperation agreements to elevate China-Rwanda practical cooperation to new highs", said the Chinese Ministry of Foreign Affairs in a statement.
Modi will attend the 10th edition of the BRICS Summit in Johannesburg, South Africa during which the grouping's leaders are expected to deliberate on global hot-spot issues, worldwide peace and security, global governance and trade issues among others.
Similarly, Chinese President Xi Jinping is also travelling to the African continent on a four-nation tour where he is there to attend the BRICS summit.
The two leaders signed some 15 agreements in Kigali worth millions of dollars on trade, infrastructure, investment, e-commerce, human resource, culture, science and technology, aviation, mining, law enforcement, visa exemption for diplomatic and service passport holders, among others.
China is the largest trading partner of Africa, it beat the United States almost a decade ago.
"I am here this time with the aim of consolidating tradition friendship between China and Rwanda and to work together with Mr President [Paul Kagame] to plan for the future of our bilateral relations, as well as the cooperation between China and Africa", he said.
Xi is set to journey to Johannesburg in South Africa to participate in a summit of the BRICS emerging economies - Brazil, China, India, Russia and South Africa - that starts on Wednesday. Secretary also said that India is contemplating to further enhance its strategic partnership with Rwanda. Its government, banks and contractors loaned more than $94 billion to African governments and state-owned companies from 2000 to 2015, according to the China Africa Research Initiative at Johns Hopkins University.
Calling the African Union (AU) a banner guiding African countries to solidarity and cooperation, Xi said China always supports the AU playing a leading role in promoting peace and development of Africa and playing a bigger role in regional and global affairs. "We are not competing with China in Africa".
President Xi Jinping in 2013, when he took office for the first time, chose Africa as part of his maiden journey overseas and went on to visit the continent two more times during his first term. Bilateral meetings with participating countries on the sidelines of BRICS meetings are also planned.
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