Medical experts have issued a warning note against an uncommon sexually transmitted disease, Mycoplasma genitalium (MG), set develop a great health risk if people are not cautious. This is reported by foreign media.
Mycoplasma genitalium (MG) is common in both men and women and may even cause infertility in women.
Thousands of women could become infertile every year thanks to an increasingly risky sexually-transmitted infection spread by people having unsafe sex on holiday. This could mean that up to 3000 women per year who have pelvic inflammatory disease caused by MG could be at increased risk of infertility. It's estimated that an MG infection exists in 1 to 2 percent of the population at the moment, with rates being slightly higher among women than men. Unfortunately, it becomes more resistant to different antibiotic drugs.
Other symptoms for men and women include discharge and dysuria (painful or hard urination).
Schaffner noted that 30 years ago, there was no test for chlamydia and doctors did not treat the infection appropriately.
BASHH recommends that MG is treated with a seven-day course of the antibiotic, doxycycline, followed by a course of azithromycin.
The big problem with identifying and properly treating M. genitalium infections has been that "there has not been a simple, low-priced diagnostic test available" for the disease, Schaffner said. "If practices do not change and the tests are not used, MG has the potential to become a superbug within a decade, resistant to standard antibiotics".
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Dr Paddy Horner, consultant senior lecturer in sexual health at Bristol University and one of the authors of the new guidelines, said: "This is not curing the infection and is causing antimicrobial resistance in MG patients".
MG bacteria can spread through unprotected sex with someone infected by it and can be prevented by using condoms.
"It's about time the public learned about Mycoplasma genitalium", he said. Women who tested positive for MG were more likely to report STI symptoms in the past month than those who tested negative, and this association remained after adjusting for CT, GC or HR-HPV co-infection.
"I think clinics should test for MG as part of their sexual health screening process, as this would have been picked up at the start for me".
"It's yet another good reason to pack the condoms for the summer holidays and actually use them", he advised.
Dr Helen Fifer, consultant microbiologist at Public Health England, welcomed the guidelines, adding: "If you have symptoms of an STI, we recommend you get tested at your local sexual health clinic".