The new report echoed AFP reporting showing company officials and the FAA knew about the issues with the flight handling system, but the USA regulators deferred to Boeing and approved the MAX without independently studying or testing the flight system.
There were "an inadequate number of FAA specialists" assigned to the 737 Max's new design and they "had inadequate awareness" of the system implicated in the two crashes, the report said. The panel took issue with the "high percentage of approvals and findings of compliance" that were delegated to Boeing for the 737 Max program, recommending areas that needed to be improved by FAA and Boeing to ensure the process has integrity.
The identical incidents prompted regulators worldwide to ground the MAX - a ban still in effect today.
The JATR report really helpful the FAA overview the stalling traits of the 737 MAX with out MCAS and related methods to find out if unsafe traits exist and if that's the case, if a broader overview of the system design was wanted. The agency will comment further after receiving the official document. Boeing's best-selling plane was grounded worldwide in March after crashes at Ethiopian Airlines and Lion Air killed 346 people.
FAA Administrator Steve Dickson has said he will review every recommendation made in the "unvarnished" review.
"Today's unprecedented US safety record was built on the willingness of aviation professionals to embrace hard lessons and to seek continuous improvement", Dickson said in the statement.
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"With adequate FAA engagement and oversight, the extent of delegation does not in itself compromise safety", the report said.
"The JATR team found that the MCAS was not evaluated as a complete and integrated function in the certification documents that were submitted to the FAA", the 69-page report said.
During the certification process, Boeing changed the design of MCAS, making it more powerful, but key people at the FAA were not always told.
The manufacturer is also accused of failing to thoroughly stress-test MCAS" design, where "design assumptions were not adequately reviewed, updated or validated", as well as failing to consider the extra effort pilots needed to go through to handle MCAS, including "pilot recognition time and pilot reaction time to failures'.
Bloomberg reported this week that European regulators are not satisfied with the changes that Boeing hopes will get it the all clear signal from the FAA, which could possibly mean that the plane will return to service without their support.
Before the report's release, both FAA and Boeing had already begun taking steps that were similar to the recommendations.