"West Nile virus is endemic in California and in Orange County, and presents a risk to public health every year".
"We are glad to hear that these two people are recovering from their West Nile Fever infections and wish them well", L.A. County health officer Muntu Davis said in a statement.
According to the Centers for Disease Control, "West Nile virus (WNV) is the leading cause of mosquito-borne disease in the continental United States". "Mosquito bites aren't just annoying".
The mosquitoes get infected when feeding on birds with the virus, and the insects pass on the virus to humans. While there's no vaccine or medical treatment for the disease, only about one in five who get infected actually develop symptoms-fever, headaches, and other body aches.
Health officers suggest that folks protect themselves from West Nile by applying bug repellent, clearing their yards of standing water that draws insects and wearing long sleeves and trousers at dawn and dusk, when mosquitoes are most active. In fact, a climate report released by the US government late last year stated that West Nile Virus cases are expected to double over the next 30 years.
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Avoid mosquito-infested areas at dawn and dusk. Using certain mosquito repellents, as well as wearing long-sleeved trousers and shirts while outside, are also ways to prevent mosquito bites.
DEET-Apply repellent containing an EPA-registered active ingredient, such as DEET, and follow the directions on the package.
Moreover, Public Health continues to report elevated numbers of WNV cases in LA County over the previous five years, at an average of 197 cases per year.
Clean and chlorinate swimming pools; drain water from pool covers. Though the side effects of the virus can be severe, most people who are infected experience little to no symptoms and fully recover. More than three-quarters of reported cases have had severe disease and approximately 7% of patients with severe WNV have died from complications.