The program will utilize the next-generation spacecraft Federatsiya (Federation), now being developed, and includes an orbital Moon station and several unmanned missions to the satellite over the next decade, with an eye toward the first Russian cosmonauts setting foot on its surface in 2030.
NASA doesn't plan to stop at the moon.
The news comes as work was completed on the Orion spacecraft that will fly around the Moon in 2021. The announcement was made by Vice President Mike Pence at a ceremony to celebrate the Apollo 11 mission at Nasa's Kennedy Space Center (KSC) in Florida.
On Saturday, the space agency and Vice President Mike Pence announced the completion of the Orion crew capsule for the Artemis program.
We finally have some details regarding NASA's vision for the Artemis Moon Lander that will make it possible for USA astronauts to return to the lunar surface in a maximum of five years.
Lockheed Martin, Nasa and supporting contractors have assembled the Orion crew module to its finished state at KSC. It should then blast off from the lunar surface back to the orbiting satellite, where the astronauts will board an Orion capsule for the 250,000-mile journey back to Earth. Chinese scientists lately revealed new plans for a robot-manned outpost at the opposite finish of the moon to Nasa and the European Space Company, which can also be planning its own "moon village" within the lunar South. Beijing previously introduced plans to launch a human-crewed moon mission within the next decade ahead of the building of a north pole base.
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And all six landings occurred within the same equatorial region because the Apollo Command Modules were created to operate in a single orbit. The capsule's European Service Module is also ready. The service module provides power and other life support systems to the crew module, and houses 33 different engines to manoeuvre the spacecraft.
The consolidated Orion stack will before long be fueled up and experience a progression of coordinated frameworks tests.
In September, the combined stack will be shipped to Nasa's Plum Brook Station in OH, where it will go through environmental testing in a large thermal vacuum chamber as well as testing for electromagnetic interference and compatibility.
The magazine's headlining article "The Next Space Race" by Jeffrey Kluger insisted that China's Lunar program is now "most critically" in competition with the USA space agency and billionaires.
As per the press statement of NASA, 50 years ago the aim was to verify that the agency could land humans on the Moon and return them securely to Earth, but in the year 2024 the revisit to Moon is, in fact, to prepare for the after that big leap, which would be sending astronauts to Mars for the first time ever in the history.