Chair of the Royal College of GPs (RCGP), Professor Helen Stokes-Lampard, has welcomed the announcement that the HPV vaccine will now be given to Year 8 boys from September in further efforts to protect against the virus.
The jab protects against human papillomavirus, which causes many throat cancer, and anal cancers. A second dose is administered between six and 24 months after the initial jab.
Two doses are wanted to be fully protected.
Teenage girls have been offered the HPV vaccination for free since 2008, but now teenage boys in England, Scotland, Northern Ireland and Wales will have the option to have the jab too.
HPV causes 99% of cervical cancers as well as 90% of anal, about 70% of vaginal and vulvar cancers and more than 60% of penile cancers.
PHE is now estimating prevention of 85, 000 cancers in women, including 64,000 cervical cancer cases, and 29,000 cancers in men by 2058 with the help of this vaccination program.
Since its introduction, infections of some types of HPV (HPV 16/18) in 16-21-year-old women have reduced by 86% in England, while a Scottish study showed that the vaccine has reduced pre-cancerous cervical disease in women by up to 71%.
United Kingdom health officials have announced the extension of a vaccination programme against the human papillomavirus (HPV) that causes cancers of the cervix, mouth, anus and genitals, to cover boys as well as girls.
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According to the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, "almost every person who is sexually active will get HPV at some time in their life if they don't get the HPV vaccine". "It's important not to delay vaccination, as the vaccine may be less effective as adolescents get older", Dr Mary Ramsay of Public Health England, said. Cervical cancer is now the most common cancer in women under 35, killing around 850 women each year.
"We'd encourage all parents of eligible children to get their child vaccinated when it is offered, and if they miss the round for any reason, that they let their school nurse know so that they can be invited to a "catch-up" clinic".
The HPV jab now used by the NHS is Gardasil, which protects against HPV for at least 10 years and possibly a lifetime.
"Whatever we can do to prevent more people from being diagnosed with cancer can only be a positive thing and the fact that it is going to be offered to boys is fantastic".
Boys in the United Kingdom will be given the HPV jab from September in a bid to wipe out cervical cancer and prevent thousands of cases of other cancers, the Government has announced. Australia, which was the first country to introduce a nationwide HPV vaccination programme in 2007, is on track to eliminate it within 20 years.
BMA board of science chair Professor Dame Parveen Kumar said: 'The BMA has for a long time been calling for an extension of the HPV vaccination programme to be extended to boys in United Kingdom and the confirmation that this will go ahead in September is very welcome as it will undoubtedly reduce the risk of young men contracting cancers linked to the virus in adult life.
Extensive reviews of HPV vaccine safety have been undertaken by various independent health bodies/authorities worldwide including the EMA, CDC, WHO and the Commission on Human Medicines (CHM). Around 40 types of HPV infection can affect the genital area.
Because the programme to vaccinate teenage girls, and reduce cervical cancers, has proved very successful. Note: material may have been edited for length and content.