Given the quick turnaround and announcement of the new launch date, the leak detected in the eleventh hour on July 15, appears to be a small glitch, but Isro had employed "abundant caution" and called off the launch. The mission of Vikram lander and Pragyaan rover is touted to be one lunar day, which translates to 14 days on Earth.
The lander, which has been named as Vikram will make a soft landing on the Moon on the 54th day after which rover which is called the Pragyaan will roll out to carry out experiments on the Moon's surface. "Technical snags that developed in the first attempt have been rectified", Sivan told reporters. From there, it will be taken to the South Pole of the moon by 7th September, by carrying out multiple firing of the engine onboard Chandrayaan-2, as said by ISRO.
The vehicle chosen for the manned mission is GSLV Mark III, the same that was used in Chandrayaan-2 to drop a rover on the moon's South Pole where no country has gone before. The spacecraft consists of an orbiter, a lander, and a rover together referred to as "composite body".
The orbiter will operate for a year in a circular orbit around the poles and carries radar and spectrometers that will enable study of the moon's surface and exosphere.
How long is the journey to the Moon?India does not have a rocket powerful enough to hurl Chandrayaan-2 on a direct path. NASA is also hitching a ride on the lunar lander with a laser retroreflector, a device that can help measure the distance between the Earth and Moon. "He could have been made to believe about the feasibility of such a mission by ISRO scientists", Madhavan Nair said.
Gauhar believes that the scientists stay under pressure till the last moment while launching any complex mission. The actual landing, he added, was an autonomous operation dependent on all systems performing as they should.
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Lander will hover at 100 meters above the lunar surface and gradually begin its descent.
Who is on the team?
From then onwards, the mission will witness a series of manoeuvres by scientists to carry out different phases of the mission over the next 48 days. But for the first time, Isro has chosen women to lead an interplanetary expedition. While programme director Muthaya Vanitha has nurtured Chandrayaan-2 over the years, it will be navigated by Ritu Karidhal.
The mission, which carries a total of 13 payloads, including three from the Europe, two from the USA and one Bulgaria, seeks to improve understanding of the Moon which could lead to discoveries that will benefit India and humanity as a whole.