South Africa, for example, has made huge advances and has successfully reduced new HIV infections by more than 40 per cent and AIDS-related deaths by around 40 per cent since 2010, according to UNAIDS. Timely use of effective diagnostics tools and medicines could prevent most deaths.
Globally, around 1.7 million people became newly infected with HIV in 2018, a 16-per cent decline since 2010, driven mostly by steady progress across most of eastern and southern Africa, the report shows.
"In MSF-supported hospitals in the Democratic Republic of Congo, Guinea, Malawi and elsewhere, many deaths occur within 48 hours of people being admitted to hospital", explains Dr Gilles Van Cutsem, leader of MSF's HIV/AIDS Working Group.
"The issue on HIV requires a comprehensive approach in prevention, treatment, and impact alleviation", Mr. Funa said.
Peter Ghys, UNAIDS strategic information director, said some donors, including the United Kingdom, had reduced contributions over the previous year to the Global Fund to Fight Aids, Malaria and Tuberculosis - the main funder of Aids programmes in many low and middle income countries.
For the first time, money available for HIV and Aids has reduced globally by nearly a billion dollars, as donors have given less and domestic investments have not grown adequately to offset inflation.
Deputy President David Mabuza on Tuesday called on South Africans to look to the area of Eshowe in KwaZulu-Natal and replicate its achievements in the battle against HIV and AIDS. According to the report, "People who inject drugs accounted for 41 percent of new HIV infections in eastern Europe and central Asia".
There remains a pronounced disparity in new infection rates among young men and women, with young women 60 per cent more likely to pick up HIV than young men of the same age.
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The report noted that the global community is still far away from achieving the goal of cutting HIV/AIDS deaths by 50 percent by 2020, to less than 500,000 per year.
However, there is still a long way to go in eastern and southern Africa, the region most affected by HIV.
Six months to this deadline the world is far from achieving this target, says the report.
The increases over the past two years comes after there was a drop in the number of new HIV cases in each of the four preceding years. In particular, countries in the West and Central Africa region need to increase the number of people on treatment but are facing a shortfall in global funding, including for antiretroviral treatment scale-up.
Around 23.3 million of the 37.9 million people with HIV worldwide now get the AIDS drugs they need.
The report warns that "key populations are still being marginalized and being left behind in the response to HIV".
Eyewitness News reporter Kgomotso Modise has more.