From the start of the year until April 26, which is the most recent data available, the number of measles cases has hit 704 in 22 states.
The report from the CDC says that most of the cases of measles encountered are among children who have not been vaccinated with the MMR vaccine (that covers against measles, mumps and rubella or German measles infection).
- As part of their efforts to contain a significant measles outbreak, officials in NY closed more schools, issued more fines and lobbied the Legislature Monday to eliminate religious exemptions for required vaccinations.
"Vaccine-preventable diseases belong in the history books, not our emergency rooms", U.S. Health and Human Services Secretary Alex Azar said in a briefing. This is the greatest number of cases reported in the USA since 1994 and since measles was declared eliminated in 2000. Individuals who travel and have not received the MMR vaccination are extremely susceptible to contracting and bring back the disease to the United States. Those of highest priority are under-vaccinated adults - in other words, those who received only one dose or a less effective early version of the MMR vaccine - who are planning to travel to countries where there are active measles outbreaks, such as Israel, Ukraine and the Philippines; live near active outbreaks in the US, such as those in New York, New Jersey, Michigan, California, Maryland and Georgia; or work in health care, Schaffner says. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention advises anyone with a weakened immune system due to cancer treatment or HIV/AIDS not to receive the MMR vaccine that protects from mumps, measles and rubella.
Orthodox Jewish mothers in Rockland County say they have been receiving anti-vaccine conference calls and pamphlets on why parents shouldn't vaccinate their children. However in light of the current outbreak, CDC officials recommend the vaccine for infants between 6-11 months who are traveling to countries with measles outbreaks. "Among the 44 internationally imported measles cases over 90% were in people who are unvaccinated or whose vaccination status was unknown".
There were 966 measles cases in England in 2018, up from 259 in 2017.
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Aside from those vaccinated between 1963 and 1967, any adult in a "high-risk" group might also need to get the MMR vaccine later on in life.
Measles symptoms include high fever, cough, runny nose, red eyes, tiny white spots on the inner cheeks and a rash of tiny red spots that may become joined together as they spread.
Younger adults should check their medical records, and if they are unsure, can get re-vaccinated.
Nationally, the number of cases reported in the U.S.is the highest it's been since 1994. "One dose of the vaccine turned out to not be quite enough". Revolt says it's 97 percent effective against measles.
It's been more than 25 years since those kinds of measures were taken against measles, Schwartz said. "This is really going around now", Trump said on Friday. The recommended vaccine coverage in the community is over 95 percent.
The legislature is considering a bill that would eliminate all non-medical exemptions from vaccinations.