Lucy Wills may not be a household name, yet her work continues to impact countless households around the world, with her research leading to the discovery of a key prenatal vitamin: folic acid.
Still to this day, Wills' research is benefitting pregnant women around the world, as folic acid is a common recommendation for pregnant women to prevent anaemia.
Lucy Wills identified a nutritional factor (known as the Wills factor) to the disease. Wills' discovery changed preventive antenatal look after women globally.
Born in 1888, Wills attended the Cheltenham College for Young Ladies, which was one of the first British boarding schools to teach female students science and mathematics.
"If you didn't take folic acid supplements before getting pregnant, you should start taking them as soon as you find out you're pregnant", the NHS states on its website.
In 1915, she enrolled at the London School of Medicine for women and become a legally qualified health care provider in 1920, earning bachelor degrees in medicine and science.
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However, a stint working as a nurse in South Africa during World War I led her to decide on a career in medicine, which had only recently been an option for women in England. Much of her pioneering work on anaemia was done in Madras at the Victoria Caste and Gosha (now Kasturba Gandhi) Hospital, Triplicane.
She suspected that poor nutrition was the cause of this anemia and concluded when a laboratory monkey's health improved after being fed the British breakfast spread Marmite made of yeast extract.
That nutrient is folic acid - a man-made type of folate, a B-nutrient found normally in boring green vegetables and citrus natural products.
Lucy Wills is an English scientist celebrated in today's Google Doodle.
Folic acid is now widely recommended to pregnant women along with various other important nutrients such as iron and B12, for the prenatal prevention of anaemia and other conditions.
She left her research and was a great soul as she died in 1964 at 75 years old, never married or had children, dedicating her life to Research.