Health care providers are required to report suspected cases of measles to their local health department.
When the virus finally releases its payload, an infected person may experience a high fever, dry cough, runny nose and eyes. The disease is more common outside the USA, and can be particularly fatal to kids under five.
The Centers for Disease Control said the recent cases- centered on outbreaks in California and NY - started with unvaccinated people who traveled out of the country and then brought the disease back to the U.S.
High vaccination rates, while effective in preventing outbreaks, do not prevent outsiders with measles from spreading it to unvaccinated residents or people with compromised immune systems. People can also get sick when they come in contact with mucus or saliva from an infected person.
"Measles is a serious and highly contagious disease that can spread quickly, so if you or your child are not vaccinated against the disease and you were at the Tucson International Airport, there is a risk of getting measles", said Dr. Cara Christ, director of the Arizona Department of Health Services.
Andrew Pavia, chief of the division of pediatric infectious disease at University of Utah Health, said he's often asked, "What's the big deal?" about measles because it's just "a childhood disease".
Lopez said that by its very nature as a resort destination for people from around the world, Summit County has at least some risk of a measles case popping up.
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The Department recommends that anyone who visited the locations listed above during the specified dates/times should contact a health provider immediately to discuss potential exposure and risk of developing the illness. "Vaccination is our most powerful tool to control the spread of imported measles".
Per ADHS, you are immune to measles if you have received two doses of the Measles-Mumps-Rubella vaccines or were born before 1957 and have received one MMR vaccine. Since then, the most measles cases the state has seen is 62 in 1994, with no cases recorded from 2007 to 2012 and zero to two cases per year since then. Most adults who have received one dose of the measles vaccine on or after their first birthday should be protected.
The county's current vaccination recommendation varies between certain people.
"We're thinking we may not escape that bullet", said Allyn Nakashima, program manager at the state health department, because of outbreaks in "surrounding states".
People traveling internationally should receive their vaccines at least two weeks before departure, but even if their trip is less than two weeks away, they should still get a vaccine dose.