The causes of these deaths included 10 million deaths from cardiovascular disease, 913,000 cancer-related deaths, and nearly 339,000 deaths from Type-2 diabetes.
The death count increased to approximately 11 million in 2017, where over 50% of diet-related deaths were because of diets low in fruits and whole grains and high in sodium. In 2017, that came to 11 million deaths that could have been avoided, the researchers said. Researchers surveyed the diets of people from 195 countries between 1990 and 2017, based on surveys, sales data and household expenditure data, and made the connections between a poor diet and conditions such as heart attacks, strokes, diabetes and cancer. Then they estimated the impact of poor diets on the risk of death from diseases including heart disease, certain cancers and diabetes.
Research carried out by Dr Christopher Murray, Director of the Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation, University of Washington in the United States has found that Israel has the world's healthiest diet, or to be more precise, the world's least unhealthy diet.
"We are what we eat and risks affect people across a range of demographics, including age, gender, and economic status".
Dr. Hyman said when we only focus on getting rid of bad foods, and not on adding nutritional ones, we make a mistake because good foods that promote health - such as whole grains, vegetables, fruits, nuts, and seeds - are like medicine to our bodies.
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Salt is the main food that we should be trying to consume less of.
The report noted that in some poorer countries, the elements of a healthy diet are too expensive for many people to access, and urged policy changes to improve that access.
He said: 'Thus, adoption of diets emphasizing soy foods, beans and other healthy plant sources of protein will have important benefits for both human and planetary health'.
The study said that in 2017 people ate only 12 percent of the recommended amount of nuts and seeds - an average intake of three grams a day, compared with the recommended 21g - and drank more than 10 times the recommended amount of sugary drinks.
The global diet included 16 percent of the recommended amount of milk (71g average intake per day, compared with 435g) and about a quarter (23 percent) of the recommended amount of whole grains (29g compared with 125g). This could be made possible by collaborating with different sections of the food system and its policies that encourage the consumption of balanced diets.