A new schedule and new crew tasks set by NASA and its ISS partners will also have the first flight of NASA astronaut Jessica Meir and a prolonged stay for NASA astronaut Andrew Morgan.
Mr Chaffee was the only one on the crew who never made it to space. Last year, the International Space Station celebrated 20 years since it was first launched, though the first batch of long-term residents did not arrive until two years later in November 2000.
Cygnus also delivered other key items to the International Space Station, including three free-flying robots that were created to assist the astronauts, 40 mice that will be part of a tetanus vaccination study aboard the orbiting laboratory, and "smart shirts" and sample collection kits that will be used to collect data for a Canadian study on insulin resistance and arterial stiffening in astronauts.
NASA has gathered vast amounts of data on astronaut health and performance over the past 50 years and has focused recently on extended durations up to one year with the dedicated mission of Scott Kelly and extended mission of Peggy Whitson.
Part of NASA's study of the effects of long spaceflights on the human body, Koch will spend 328 days in space. Such research is essential to support future deep space exploration missions to the Moon and Mars. It needs to know "the acceptable degree of change for both men and women".
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"Astronauts demonstrate wonderful resilience and adaptability in response to long duration spaceflight exposure", said Fogarty.
With information from NASA's official website, we have put together five achievements of astronaut Christina Koch that makes her a super achiever. She is a five-time graduate of Space Camp at the U.S. Space & Rocket Center in Huntsville. The Caribou, Maine, native was selected as an astronaut in 2013, while serving as an assistant professor at Harvard Medical School/Massachusetts General Hospital.
She worked as an electrical engineer in the laboratory for High Energy Astrophysics at GSFC from 2002-2004.
The Cygnus capsule is expected to stay at the International Space Station until July.
Astrobees are the new free-flying robotic system sent by NASA to help the crew to reduce time with the daily routine duties.