However a final vote on increasing the number of teams at the football showpiece would only be taken in Paris on June 6 at the governing body's Congress.
"We are delighted to announce that India has been confirmed as the host of the FIFA U-17 Women's World Cup in 2020", Infantino said after the FIFA Council meeting in Miami, USA on Friday.
However the tournament may well end up being launched without representation from Europe.
But a letter to UEFA and Infantino from the European Club Association (ECA) head Andrea Agnelli, chairman of Italian side Juventus, and signed by 15 members of the organisation's board, including officials of Manchester United, Barcelona and Ajax Amsterdam, made clear the opposition.
They said they are "firmly against any approval of a revised Club World Cup at this point in time and confirm that no ECA clubs would take part to such a competition".
"We are following developments around the FIFA Council closely".
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"I think if football can contribute to open up some doors and to make people meet and discuss with each other", Infantino said, "we will not solve all the problems of the world but maybe we'll get a little step closer in at least starting to understand each other a bit".
The training was to gauge whether to use the technology at the tournament, with world football's governing body approving its use at a Fifa Council meeting in Miami on Friday.
"But it was our responsibility to take a decision because we have to deal with the organisational matters - it is only two years away".
Infantino said five members of the Council did not attend the meeting, the first for FIFA's leadership in the US since American law enforcement arrested numerous sport's top officials in 2015 on corruption charges.
The tournament - which is presently limited to seven participants - will be moved from its usual December window to the months of June and July. The ECA says a decision on potential new competitions can only be made as part of an agreed framework for the global match calendar post-2024. Spain are the current holders, they beat Mexico 2-1 in the final in Uruguay a year ago - the first time they won the tournament to become the fifth country to win the U-17 World Cup.
"We hope that all the greatest teams will participate", he said.
"We are in the lucky situation that I can speak to anyone in the Gulf region and talk just about football", Infantino said.