The researchers said that the trial provided some indication of why e-cigarettes had better results than NRT; namely, that e-cigarettes were more effective in alleviating tobacco withdrawal symptoms and may have allowed better tailoring of nicotine dose to individual needs.
It all contributes to a confusing picture of what is healthy and what isn't - and comes as advocates claim misinformation about vaping is widespread and harmful to public health. Members of one group were given a conventional Nicotine Replacement Therapy of their choice (including combinations of products if they wanted it) while the other group were given a second-generation e-cigarette, a bottle of 18mg/ml liquid and advice on buying more juice. People who smoke e-cigarettes have a 72 percent higher risk of stroke and a 51 percent higher risk heart attack and angina, according to one recent study. Vaping (or NRT use) after quitting may prevent an ex-smoker from reaching for a cigarette later.
Based on the findings, the American Lung Association recommended that Arizona put more funding toward prevention programs and increase the minimum age of sale for tobacco products from 18 to 21.
Previous trials and studies have tried to figure out just how well e-cigarettes can help smokers quit.
Professor Hywel Williams, Director of the NIHR Health Technology Assessment Programme, said: "This groundbreaking NIHR-funded study provides clear evidence that e-cigarettes are nearly twice as effective as nicotine replacement therapy for helping smokers to quit".
Students said that they are using the device for all sorts of reasons, ranging from quitting smoking to a leisure activity, but the one thing that students agree on is that no matter their reason for trying it, getting hooked is very easy.
In a reverse analysis, the researchers behind the study also found an association between cigarette smoking and subsequent use of e-cigarettes, "suggesting that e-cigarettes may divert smokers toward e-cigarettes in some youths" while increasing the alternative risk of cigarette initiation among others who initially used e-cigarettes.
U.S. polar vortex: What's its like in Chicago when it's -30 degrees?
It was colder than Alaska's state capital and even colder than parts of Antarctica. "People can't last outside even for minutes". The highest snow piles are expected in the southwest suburbs, where up to 4 inches is predicted , the weather service said.
Venezuela Lawmaker Encourages Support of Guaido
Venezuela's Supreme Court - dominated by regime loyalists - have frozen his assets and ordered him not to leave the country . Organization of American States chief Luis Almagro denounced the "intimidation" of Guaido.
Go vegan and receive free concert tickets - Beyoncé & Jay-Z to fans
Bey, who has been a proud vegan for years, is hoping to educate the public on the environmental benefits to going meat-free. They can participate in "Meatless Mondays" or enjoy vegan substitutes such as "plant-based for breakfast".
However, up until now there had been a shortage of evidence on how effective they were as stop-smoking tools. After all, not only are e-cigarettes helping people quit, they are 95 percent less harmful than traditional cigarettes.
The link between vaping and cigarette use was particularly pronounced in those thought to be low-risk for smoking given their lack of prior drug and alcohol use, according to the study.
That might not seem like a huge success rate, but it's notoriously hard to quit smoking.
Electronic cigarettes, which have been available in the US since about 2007 and have grown into a $6.6 billion-a-year industry, are battery-powered devices that typically heat a flavored nicotine solution into an inhalable vapor. He said the company won't offer its smoke-free products to people who have never smoked or those who have quit smoking.
Hajek thinks the study will help legitimize e-cigarettes as an option for smokers who want to quit. More e-cigarette users, however, reported increased throat and mouth irritation (65.3%,) than nicotine replacement users (51.2%).
Juul Labs Inc., the vaping market leader whose devices are wildly popular with teens, says on its website that "our development and manufacturing process does not add diacetyl and acetylproprionyl (or 2,3-pentanedione) as flavor ingredients".
Myth #3: E-cigarettes are just as unsafe as combustibles because they contain nicotine.