Since December previous year, 52 polar bears have visited the archipelago's main settlement, Belushya Guba, with six to 10 remaining in the village and some displaying "aggressive behaviour", local official Alexander Minaev said in a report to authorities.
"People are scared, afraid to leave their homes, their daily routines are being broken, and parents are unwilling to let their children go to school or kindergarten", the deputy head of the local administration, Alexander Minayev, said. Dozens of polar bears gathered near human settlements from December 2018 until February 2019.
Attempts to drive them away using patrol cars and dogs have been futile, according to officials.
Russian authorities have said that the shooting of polar bears, which is strictly prohibited, could potentially be allowed in extreme circumstances.
Ilya Mordvintsev, a lead researcher at the Severtsov Institute of Ecology and Evolution, Moscow, told TASS that the reason so many polar bears had appeared near human settlement was because of the easy availability of food sources detected during their seasonal migration. Up to ten bears were there constantly.
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"They are staying [near the main settlement of Belushya Guba] because there is some alternative food". The military personnel and employees are delivered to workplaces by special vehicles, while the area is patrolled.
Despite the siege, residents have been warned they face prosecution if they shoot the endangered species.
Arctic sea ice has been diminishing - a result blamed on climate change - forcing polar bears to change their hunting habits and spend more time on land looking for food.
The federal environmental resources agency has refused to issue licences to shoot the most aggressive bears. An expert team will be dispatched to the archipelago to assess the situation and prevent the predators' attacks on humans.
They dispute that if wrong approach to dread off the bears fail a cull might well perhaps be the one resolution.
Head of the local administration Zigansha Musin said: 'I have been in Novaya Zemlya since 1983, yet I've never seen such a massive polar bear invasion'.