Jadhav's trial by a Pakistani military court "hopelessly failed to satisfy even the minimum standards of due process", Salve said. In a heated, and often personal presentation that repeatedly referenced Prime Minister Narendra Modi, the counsel accused India of engaging in "political theatre", "grandstanding", and presenting its case in "bad faith".
Salve said a First Information Report (FIR) was registered against Jadhav as late as April 8 and his confession obtained before the FIR was used as a propaganda machine by Pakistan.
A 10-member bench of the ICJ, which was set up after World War II to resolve worldwide disputes, on May 18, 2017 had restrained Pakistan from executing Jadhav till adjudication of the case.
He told court that the Indian Navy officer was a "spy" and not a businessman adding that Jadhav was an "instrument of India's official policy of terror".
The hearings at the United Nations court, formally known as the International Court of Justice (ICJ), revolve around the case of Jadhav, a former Indian navy commander who was arrested in Pakistan in March 2016 and convicted of spying.
Pakistan is due to respond at the ICJ on Tuesday. It is expected that the ICJ decision will be delivered by summer this year.
The Pakistani counsel has questioned the Indian demand of an order for Jadhav's "return" in the face of the ICJ's decision and independent expert evidence confirming Pakistan has effective review and reconsideration before the High Court and Supreme Court.
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Pakistan alleges that Jadhav is an operative for RAW, India's external intelligence agency, and accuses him of planning and carrying out terror attacks in Pakistan. However, according to diplomatic sources, India has not provided evidence regarding Jadhav's retirement.
Amid heightened tensions between India and Pakistan following the deadly Pulwama attack on February 14, Pakistan's Ministry of Foreign Affairs website was not working in several countries including the United States on Saturday, the media reported. "India seeks annulment of Jadhav's conviction, and directions that he be released forthwith", Salve said at the ICJ. The basis on which India is pursuing the case are: "First issue relates to construction of the Vienna Convention and consular access was not granted", Salve said, accusing Pakistan of raising issues that have no relevance to the case.
India told the court that "linking assistance to the investigation process to the grant [ing] of consular access was by itself a serious violation of the Vienna Convention".
Pakistan claims that its security forces arrested Jadhav from restive Balochistan province on March 3, 2016 after he reportedly entered from Iran.
"At no point in time - despite repeated reminders - has India furnished any evidence of the Indian nationality of Commander Jadhav", he said, adding that India had also failed to back up its contentions that Jadhav was a retired officer simply with business interests in Iran.
Pakistan maintains that it would be incompatible with worldwide law for someone sent as a spy/terrorist by a State to be afforded access to officials of that State, as India asserts.
An Indian man on death row in Pakistan for alleged spying committed "terrorist acts" including targeted killings and kidnappings on New Delhi's orders "to create anarchy", Islamabad's lawyers told the UN's top court on Tuesday. He was later allowed to meet his mother and wife after a long and arduous 22-month wait on December 25, 2017.