And, unlike surface temperatures, ocean temperatures are not affected by year-to-year variations caused by climate events like El Nino or volcanic eruptions.
Researchers said this showed that, contrary to the claims of some sceptics, the world was warming at a...
The fact that the oceans are warming is no breaking news.
"It's mainly driven by the accumulation of greenhouse gases such as carbon dioxide in the atmosphere due to human activities", Lijing said.
The subtitle gives the answer: "Observational records of ocean heat content show that ocean warming is accelerating".
Lead author Lijing Cheng, of the Institute of Atmospheric Physics at the Chinese Academy of Sciences, said records for ocean warming had been broken nearly yearly since 2000.
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The thermal expansion - water swelling as it warms - would raise sea level 30 centimeters, above any sea level rise from melting glaciers and ice sheets.
About 93 percent of excess heat - trapped around the Earth by greenhouse gases that come from the burning of fossil fuels - accumulates in the world's oceans. 2018 is likely to be the hottest year for the oceans on record, beating out 2017 which held the record. This means that "the ocean is saving us from massive warming right now", Malin L. Pinksy of Rutgers University told the New York Times.
A key factor in the more accurate numbers is an ocean monitoring fleet called Argo, which includes almost 4,000 floating robots that "drift throughout the world's oceans, every few days diving to a depth of 2,000 metres and measuring the ocean's temperature, pH, salinity and other bits of information as they rise back up", said the report. Dubbed Argo, the AI fleet has provided consistent ocean warming data since the mid-2000s, and enabled the team to correct previous ocean warming observations.
The climate models project continuous ocean warming in the 21th century; how much depends on human actions to address climate change. The first scenario falls in line with the Paris Climate Agreement's goal of reducing greenhouse gas emissions to keep the average global temperature from rising no more than 2 degrees Celsius above preindustrial levels. "The global warming signal is a lot easier to detect if it is changing in the oceans than on the surface".
This drive, according to the study of the oceans and diving every couple of days to a depth of 2000 meters, to measure data such as temperature and pH-value. If no actions are taken ("business as usual"), the upper ocean above 2000 meters will warm by 2020 ZetaJoules by 2081-2100, which is about 6 times larger than the total ocean warming during the past 60 years. Warmer temperature will also damage coral reefs, which are actually nurseries for fish. It has also contributed to increases in rainfall intensity and stronger, longer-lasting storms, such as Harvey in 2017 and Florence in 2018.