Macron warned of the dangers of the resurgence of nationalism in Europe, saying "old demons" were reawakening, "ready to sow chaos and death".
In the interview, Macron had cited Trump's plans to pull the USA out of a Cold War-era nuclear treaty and said a joint European Union force was needed to end Europe's reliance on United States military might.
During the ceremony Sunday, Macron sat with Angela Merkel on his immediate right, with Trump just beyond the German Chancellor.
Putin said he and Trump decided "not to interrupt the schedule" of the World War I events with a separate meeting. "I fear not", she said. "Let's reject the fascination for turning in on ourselves, violence, and domination".
The 40-year-old called on countries to join hands to fight challenges such as climate change, poverty, starvation and inequality.
Under a sea of black umbrellas, a line of leaders led by Mr Macron and his wife Brigitte marched in silence on the cobbles of the Champs-Elysees, after leaving their buses.
Putin greeted Trump with a thumbs up at the ceremony.
Up to 1,500 anti-Trump protesters held a demonstration at Place de la Republique square in eastern Paris on Sunday, at which the giant "Baby Blimp" balloon depicting the United States president as an infant was flown, following previous appearances in London and NY.
It also underlined growing concerns over the reliability of US security guarantees under Trump, and his wider commitment to a postwar global order the USA was largely responsible for building and has benefited from, including economically.
Tsitsipas stars at Next Gen ATP Finals
De Minaur saved all five break points he faced in his victory over Jaume Munar 3-4 (5), 4-1, 4-1, 3-4 (4), 4-2. "It feels great. Stefanos Tsitsipas defeated Alex de Minaur to claim the Next Gen ATP Finals title in Milan Saturday.
Newly revealed North Korean missile bases cast doubt on value of summit
The first shipment is expected to arrive in Pyongyang at 10 a.m. and return to Seoul at 1 p.m., Kim said. North Korea detonated the command post facilities of its nuclear test site in Punggye-ri, North Korea.
Royal family unveils never-seen-before photo of Charles, William and Harry
But it's little Louis who really steals the show with his dusting of light-brown hair, white t-shirt and baby blue shorts. The couple - who married in May and are expecting their first child - rarely let go of one another's hands in public.
The U.S. came late to the war, in April 1917, but during 1¢ years it became a key player and tipped the scales for the allies. White House press secretary Sarah Huckabee Sanders cited security protocols for the presidential motorcade's solo trip down the grand flag-lined avenue, which was closed to traffic.
US President Donald Trump and his Russian counterpart Vladimir Putin have met for the first time since the Helsinki summit in July.
"The conversation with President Putin was good and businesslike".
Trump on Saturday skipped a planned visit to Belleau Wood battlefield and cemetery because of heavy rain, sparking a storm of criticism for what some saw as disrespect to veterans.
What has Trump been doing?
The US leader's criticism came after Macron spoke about the need for a European army and listed the US along with Russian Federation and China as a threat to European security.
Trump is due back in Washington by Sunday evening.
Trump had tweeted on Friday (9 November) that Macron's call for a "real European army" was "insulting".
"The lesson of the Great War can not be that of resentment between peoples, nor should the past be forgotten", he said, alluding to the millions of women widowed and children orphaned by the conflict, as well as the 10 million soldiers killed.