The US claims that Russian Federation is violating the INF deal by building missiles that it prohibits.
Trump however can't blame Obama for what happened to the INF Treaty: Under Obama, the USA government on several occasions between 2008 and 2014 called Russian Federation out for violating it. Trump isn't overturning Obama's legacy in this case-until now Russian Federation has not addressed the U.S. allegations but instead has countered by claiming that the United States is in non-compliance.
He said: "If the United States does withdraw from the INF treaty, the main question is what they will do with these [intermediate-range] missiles that will once again appear".
"We barely respond to any of your steps but they keep on coming", he jokily complained to Bolton.
The US would also have to convince Japan or other close allies in Asia to agree to have the missiles based on their territory, a potentially hard task, since it could make the host country a target of Chinese missiles if war broke out.
NATO allies are not likely to deploy more nuclear weapons in Europe in response to what the West says is a Russian breach of a nuclear arms control treaty that Washington is pulling out of, NATO Secretary-General Jens Stoltenberg said on Wednesday.
U.S. National Security Adviser John Bolton, left, and Russian Foreign Minister Sergey Lavrov enter a hall for their talks in Moscow, Russia, Monday, Oct. 22, 2018. Annalena Baerbock, the co-leader of the Greens, urged Merkel's government to take a stand against Washington by getting rid of the USA nuclear weapons still stationed in Germany.
Over the weekend, US President Donald Trump said the US will leave an arms control treaty with Russian Federation dating from the cold war that has kept nuclear missiles out of Europe for three decades.
Russian Defence Minister Sergei Shoigu said Wednesday the increased North Atlantic Treaty Organisation military activities near Russia's western border will force it to take countermeasures. Asked if the pact could be rescued if Russia comes back to compliance, Bolton said it's hard to expect that given Russian denials.
Why does the treaty matter for Europe?
The place where the U.S. and Russian Federation would probably use such missiles against each other is Europe.
This could place extra stress on already-strained relations between the United States and the Trump administration's protectionist policies.
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Before the talks, a Kremlin spokesman said the INF treaty had its weak points, but that the USA approach of talking about leaving it without proposing a replacement was unsafe.
Countries that belong only to the European Union are in blue; orange designates NATO-only members; purple indicates countries that are members of both organizations.
"Will we be able to respond?" he said.
Signed in 1987, the INF resolved a crisis over Soviet nuclear-tipped ballistic missiles targeting Western capitals.
"The reality is, the treaty was outmoded, being violated and being ignored by other countries", Bolton said.
While world focus is on Russia-US relations and the INF Treaty, the "fact that China is not part of the treaty is the primary problem for the US", Nathan Levine, a fellow on US-China Relations at the Asia Society Policy Institute, told Al Jazeera. Trump wants an arms control deal that would include China.
"We are ready to work together with our American partners without any hysteria", he said.
Collin Koh, a maritime security specialist at Nanyang Technological University in Singapore, said reinstating ground-launched intermediate range missiles would give the United States a needed boost, not only for nuclear strikes but also conventional operations.
Bolton also announced that Putin would meet with Donald Trump for talks when the two leaders were in Paris next month for the 100th anniversary of Armistice Day, marking the formal end of the first world war.
A failure to renew New START, which expires in 2021, "would be a bad outcome, but one that doesn't necessarily have to come to pass", Levine said. "I don't think anybody would say that".
But Downman, the nuclear policy analyst for BASIC, said this is too unsafe of an outcome not to consider.
Beijing rebuked Trump, with the foreign ministry saying it would not be blackmailed into joining the treaty.