It would also target senior Russian political figure and oligarchs close to Putin, barring them from the United States and freezing their assets.
"It includes not just the interference with election or campaign infrastructure, but it also covers the distribution of propaganda, disinformation", US National Security Advisor John Bolton said.
Speaking in a conference call, Mr Bolton said: "We felt it was important to demonstrate the President has taken command of this issue, that it's something he cares deeply about, and that the integrity of our elections and our constitutional process is a high priority to him".
"We are looking forward, using the basis of 2016 as a warning signal.so that doesn't happen again", Coats said, promising round-the-clock monitoring through November. Russian Federation denies meddling and Trump has dismissed the probe as a "witch hunt". But the executive branch, including the President, will have the final say in whether sanctions will be applies.
They said Trump's order recognizes the threat, but doesn't go far enough.
The order came weeks ahead of the US midterm elections which will be held in November.
"The president has said repeatedly that he is determined that there not be foreign interference in our elections", Bolton told reporters.
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He said Congress would be generous with disaster relief funding. "This is not going to be a storm that we recover from in days". Hurricane Florence has intensified to a Category 4 Hurricane after it was reduced to a tropical storm over the weekend.
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"I think his actions speak for themselves", he said.
According to the order, an array of federal agencies will be tapped to serve as the decision makers on whether interference has occurred. In making that assessment, the DNI will consult with all of the US' multifarious intelligence agencies. The finding would then be passed to the Department of Justice and Department of Homeland Security, who would then make a determination within 45 days whether the interference took place and warranted sanctions.
The executive order describes a process whereby the department of state and department of treasury will decide on appropriate sanctions to recommend and to impose on the countries or other actors that have engaged in this interference, he said.
Trump, who has sought warmer relations with Moscow, has frequently suggested he sides with Russian President Vladimir Putin over his own intelligence agencies, including during a controversial meeting between the two leaders in Helsinki in July.
Administration officials said the executive order sets up a framework for assessing interference, reporting it to the president and punishing it with sanctions.
Coats and Bolton said the president's action was not aimed at short-circuiting congressional action. Coats did not tell reporters what evidence, if any, the intelligence community has seen of Russian hacking this year, but mentioned that he had seen "capability and attempts" from Iran, China, and North Korea as well. "There were concerns that if they did so, it would look they, the White House, was putting the thumb on the scale of the election and would feed Trump's narrative that the election was going to be rigged".
Congress passed a financial sanctions bill against the Kremlin over a year ago and since January 2017, over 200 individuals and companies with connections to Russian Federation have been subjected to its penalties.