The national Board of the U.S. on Aeronautics and research of space administration (NASA) launched the automatic station Parker Solar Probe to study the Sun.
The spacecraft reportedly will endure extreme heat while zooming through the solar corona to study the Sun's outer atmosphere that gives rise to the solar winds.
This launch is the result of six decades of scientific study and millions of hours of effort, says project manager Andy Driesman (Johns Hopkins University). The other puzzle is the means by which the crown extends between 1.8 million to 5.4 million degrees Fahrenheit which is far more blazing than the surface of the sun itself.
The launch of the car-sized probe aboard a massive Delta IV-Heavy rocket lit the night sky at Cape Canaveral, Florida at 3:31 AM (0731 GMT).
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Two decades later, just around the time NASA was abuzz with its historic mission to touch the Sun - Parker Solar Probe, Gizmodo.com asked scientists: "Why is 'Walkin' on the Sun' actually pretty timely right now, scientifically speaking?" The probe, named after 91-year-old astrophysicist Eugene Parker, the first time Nasa christened a spacecraft after someone still alive, will become the closest man-made object to the Sun. Physicist Eugene Parker correctly predicted the presence of solar winds almost five decades ago. Tools on board will measure high-energy particles associated with flares and coronal mass ejections, as well as the changing magnetic field around the Sun. It is the first NASA mission to be named after a living person. Sixty years ago, it was Parker who first proposed that the sun sent out a stream of solar wind.
According to the United States space agency, Parker Solar Probe has been created to withstand the extreme conditions and temperature fluctuations for the mission.
Of her work, she said: "The most satisfying thing about being a scientist is that you are always trying to discover something new, and every now and then, you actually succeed in this". What is the secret of the scorching corona, which is more than 300 times hotter than the Sun's surface, thousands of miles below?
Dr Nicky Fox, just left of centre, and other members of the Parker Solar Probe team. On its very first brush with the sun, it will come within 15.5 million miles (25 million kilometers), easily beating the current record of 27 million miles (43 million kilometers) set by NASA's Helios 2 spacecraft in 1976. We've studied it from missions that are close in, even as close as the planet Mercury.
The front of the heat shield will have to withstand temperatures of around 25-hundred degrees Fahrenheit.