It was the sixth time that Anderson has produced a five wicket haul at Lord's and he now has 99 Test wickets at the famous London venue.
The inept technique coupled with fragile temperament of Indian batting was thoroughly exposed as they crumbled to 107 all out against a top quality England seam attack on a rain-hit second day of the second cricket Test.
In the brief morning session, Anderson got England off to a fine start, clean bowling opener Murali Vijay before removing Lokesh Rahul, who was caught behind by keeper Jonny Bairstow.
England stamped their authority on the match shortly after as a terrible mix up between Pujara and Virat Kohli resulted in the former being run out by debutant Pope.
After the entire first day was lost to rain, further wet conditions forced a delayed start with England captain Joe Root eventually winning the toss and putting India in to bat.
Cheteshwar Pujara (1 off 25 balls) left a lot of deliveries but was once again run out trying a quick single with his skipper Kohli backtracking after initially responding to a call.
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Only off-spinner Ravichandran Ashwin, batting at number eight, provided any real resistance, making 29 in a 49-minute knock before he was trapped lbw by Stuart Broad.
Anderson's return of five wickets for 20 runs in 13.2 overs left him just one dismissal shy of becoming the first bowler to take 100 Test wickets at Lord's.
Buttler then saw an edge from Hardik Pandya fly threw his hands but he made amends the very next ball, taking a low catch to give Woakes his second wicket.
"We exploit those conditions as well as anyone in the world". "When you build pressure all day no matter who you are it is hard", he said.
India will rue the decision to leave out Umesh and pick chinaman bowler Kuldeep Yadav as second spinner when even the first, R Ashwin, had little going for him.
England led by 250 runs; and a day after bowling out India for 107, the English duo showed the way to the visiting batsmen as to how to bat on this wicket, even though the strip eased out considerably.
Batsman Pujara was brought in for Shikhar Dhawan.