Kavanaugh, a former Kennedy clerk, said that he was "deeply honored" to replace the retiring justice.
Still, it's not entirely clear how Kavanaugh views the law, despite his D.C. Circuit dissent.
Some conservatives have expressed concerns about Kavanaugh, questioning his commitment to social issues like abortion and noting his time serving under President George W. Bush as evidence he is a more establishment choice.
The justices concluded that the law "provides few, if any, health benefits for women, poses a substantial obstacle to women seeking abortions, and constitutes an "undue burden" on their constitutional right to do so".
Kavanaugh already has checked virtually every box in the conservative legal establishment at only 53 years old.
Prior to being tapped by Trump, some conservatives questioned Kavanaugh's bona fides, and he's controversial with Democrats because of his role in the Starr investigation of Clinton.
Some conservatives lobbied against him, worrying that his upbringing in the suburbs of D.C. could mean he'll be the kind of justice who has disappointed conservatives before.
During his remarks at the White House, Kavanaugh showed how much he has learned from his mentor.
"My judicial philosophy is straightforward", he said. He has written roughly 300 opinions as a judge, authored several law journal articles, regularly taught law school classes and spoken frequently in public.
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At the White House Monday, Kavanaugh invoked the value of legal precedent again, saying, "a judge must interpret the Constitution as written, informed by history and tradition and precedent". "Americans do not want or need 40 more years of Trump's values".
Trump published a similar list during the 2016 campaign, and it was widely credited with helping him win the votes of social conservatives who otherwise might have been skeptical of a thrice-married billionaire from NY.
Senate Democratic leader Chuck Schumer says a weekend move by the Trump administration to undercut the Affordable Care Act is another reason for senators to closely scrutinize the president's Supreme Court nominee.
Referencing Senate Majority Leader Mitch McConnell's successful push to hold off the Supreme Court confirmation until after the 2016 election, Peters said McConnell is "not being consistent with his views" and should give senators adequate time to consider the nomination before the midterm elections this fall.
Republicans and Democrats are at odds over Kavanaugh and with the Senate closely divided, his path to confirmation is treacherous. Now it remains to be seen whether or not his confirmation can actually be wrapped up by the beginning of the court's new term in October.
As how Kavanaugh would rule on the highest court, perhaps the most encouraging evidence comes from a speech he delivered past year to the American Enterprise Institute on the legal philosophy of the late Chief Justice William Rehnquist, whom he called "my first judicial hero".
But other Democrats - those with greater latitude to speak their minds - were more outspoken. Sens. Joe Donnelly of Indiana, Joe Manchin of West Virginia and Heidi Heitkamp of North Dakota have all been floated as possible "yes" votes for Kavanaugh, but on Tuesday, they were just as mum as their moderate colleagues on the other side of the aisle. In confirming Trump's first Supreme Court nominee Neil Gorsuch, Republicans eliminated the 60-vote requirement to advance a nomination to the high court.
Democrats have turned their attention to pressuring two Republicans, Sens. Susan Collins of ME and Lisa Murkowski of Alaska. "And no one, no one, has been more dedicated to overturning Roe v. Wade than Leonard Leo", Schumer said. Murkowski said, after a reporter asked her if any GOP members could afford to vote against the nominee.
"The ramifications of this battle will last a generation or more". Within the next year, the Supreme Court will not only evaluate the future of health care access, voting rights, civil rights, reproductive rights, labor rights, and our environment, it may decide the president's guilt or innocence in the Mueller investigation.
Senate Republicans' stonewalling strategy extended to lower courts as well.