These are the first positive pools - or group of up to 50 mosquitos of the same species - of the 2018 surveillance season.
In 2017, six human West Nile virus cases were confirmed in Sacramento County and six in Yolo County.
The program also monitors reports of dead birds (an early sign of the presence of the virus) and investigates areas of stagnant water for the presence of mosquito larvae, specifically from the Culex mosquito, which is the primary carrier of West Nile in IL.
The infected mosquitoes were collected by the Vermont Agency of Agriculture and tested at the laboratory as part of an ongoing interagency mosquito surveillance program that helps the state better understand the risk of diseases spread by mosquitoes. "We're trapping mosquitoes a couple times a week". There are often no symptoms, but people older than 60 are more likely to die or to develop a severe illness.
Areas near Alexandria, Johnstown and Harrison Township in Ohio, Benton County in Washington and Suffolk, Virginia contain mosquitoes that tested positive for the virus.
The Benton County Mosquito Control discovered last week that they had mosquitoes with the virus.
According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, about one out of every 150 people infected with West Nile virus develop a serious illness. Since 2011, 11 cases of West Nile virus in Vermont residents have been reported. Since 2002, there have been 64 confirmed human cases of the disease in Lake County, including to deaths.
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NASA has invited citizen scientists to help them track mosquitos known to carry and spread diseases like Zika, West Nile Virus and malaria to create new forecast models that can predict the spread of these diseases. "We're always out there", Mulla said.
Wear long-sleeved shirts and long trousers when outdoors.
"Many will be participating in family BBQ's and watching fireworks around dusk, a time when mosquitoes are looking to bite", stated Goodman.
Use an EPA-registered insect repellant.
Mosquito-proof your home by fixing holes in screens and making sure screens fit well into doors and windows.
Mosquito experts suggest removing standing water from around your property. If you have a bird bath, change the water every three or four days.