Experts said the research, presented at the European Society of Human Reproduction and Embryology (ESHRE) annual meeting in Barcelona, "holds much promise for the future". "We have many more studies to do, but this is a proof-of-concept showing that human eggs can survive on a newly constructed scaffold".
At the moment, there are only two options available. She could then go on to produce eggs naturally.
A way to prevent such damage is to have an ovarian tissue transplant in which the parts or the entire ovary is removed and then frozen before the women undergo fertility harming treatments so that the frozen tissue can be put back at a later date.
Danish scientists have developed a new technology that could, theoretically, one day be used as a fertility method for cancer patients whose treatment has made it far more hard to conceive.
The Danish team took the immature egg cells showed that they could survive on a structure made from stripping ovarian tissue of all its cells, leaving behind only its extracellular matrix. Ultimately, this could restore a woman's fertility.
"This is an extremely important advance in the field of fertility preservation", said Adam Balen, professor of reproductive medicine and surgery at Seacroft Hospital, Leeds, Independent reported. The follicles, she said are covered with a basal membrane that does not allow the cancer cells to enter. On this, the researchers seeded with hundreds of ovarian follicles, fluid-filled sacs that contains undeveloped eggs. As hoped, the material permitted communication between the cells and allowed them to develop.
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This development occurred in vitro, or outside the body. They also looked at the ability of the scaffolds to support both human and mouse follicles in vivo - by transplanting the scaffolds into mice. In these conditions, the solution is transplantation of a tissue of the ovary. This could result in the disease returning back again after the transplant.
"This could give rise to a problem in itself, however, as the surrounding ovarian cells left behind might be required for the ovary to function fully", Brison noted.
The approach has been garnering praise from the scientific community, but more research is needed.
Researchers from one of the leading fertility centres in Europe, Rigshospitalet in Copenhagen, say they have demonstrated the world's first working "bio-engineered" human ovary in early animal trials.
"At this stage many questions remain", said Anderson, who was not involved in the research. This new finding could most expectantly help women one day to have families even after receiving harsh treatments like radiotherapy and chemotherapy. The synthetic organ will be made from a woman's own tissue before being transplanted into her body to tackle infertility. This is the reason why the ovarian tissue freezing in not an option for patients with oravian cancer, or leukemia.