The meeting also included representatives of a number of other countries, including all of Libya's six north African neighbours, Italy, Germany, Qatar, the UAE and the remaining four permanent UN Security Council members.
Four Libyan parties on Tuesday agreed on finalizing and adopting a constitution by September 16 and on holding presidential and parliamentary elections on December 10, 2018.
"After seven years of conflict and tensions, this unprecedented conference. aims to open a new period of stability and cooperation which is awaited by the Libyan people", a statement from the French presidency said on Sunday.
Four Libyans - UN-backed Prime Minister Fayez al-Serraj, eastern military strongman Khalifa Haftar, the president of the eastern House of Representatives Aguila Saleh, and Khaled Al-Mishri, president of the High Council of State - will gather at the French presidential palace, an official in the French president's office told reporters on Saturday.
Prime Minister of Libya's unity government Fayez Seraj addresses the United Nations General Assembly in the Manhattan borough of NY, U.S., September 22, 2016.
Also in Paris are United Nations special envoy Ghassan Salamé, the president of the Chamber of representatives of Tobrouk, Aguila Saleh, the president of the High Libyan State Council, Khaled Mechri, and the commander of the Libyan national army, Gen.
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The task of stabilising Libya is complicated by diverging interests among Middle Eastern countries, which have sometimes backed opposing sides in the fighting, as well as competition between European powers. "So we must not close our eyes" the official at the French presidency said.
Libyans will have the opportunity to elect lawmakers and a new president in December 2018, according to agreements reached by rival leaders on Tuesday, May 29, in Paris. The official insisted, however, that "they are a minority". Moving toward parliamentary and presidential elections by the end of 2018 was a key goal.
The French-led effort to reunify the fractured nation started with a conference previous year that failed to consult powerful local forces and as a result achieved little.
The International Crisis Group, an NGO on conflict resolution, warned that the Paris conference might unintentionally undermine the UN-led peace process.
Libya plunged into chaos after the uprising that ended dictator Moammar Gadhafi's rule in 2011.
The country has become a base for the Islamic State group and other extremists and a departure point for African migrants seeking to enter Europe.