The Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) has a detailed report on how the scientists made the breakthrough. This might make it uninhabitable, but such a discovery is of importance for understanding the formation mechanism of such super-Neptune or sub-Saturn kind of planets that are too close to the host star.
The exoplanet is reported to be smaller than Saturn but bigger than Neptune. Although the atmospheric temperature of red dwarf stars, around which these planets revolve, is 3,450 and 3,800 K respectively, nearly half the temperature of our Sun.
EPIC 211945201b's mass is around 27 times that of Earth's and it's estimated to be around six times greater in radius.
Being that close, you might think that the planets would be unbearably hot but the scientists say that might not be the case. It's a super-Neptune or sub-Saturn size, which is of 27X Earth's mass and 6X Earth's radius. The scientists estimate that over 60% of its mass could be made up of heavy elements like ice, silicates and iron. The host star is named EPIC 211945201 or K2-236.
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The planets are a close match to Earth in size, but they're positioned much, much closer to their star than Earth is to the Sun.
Indigenously designed "PRL Advance Radial-velocity Abu-Sky Search" (PARAS) spectrograph integrated with a 1.2m telescope, was used to measure the mass of the planet, which facilitated the discovery of the planet. Kepler is the first NASA mission capable of detecting Earth-size planets, using the transit method or tiny dips in the brightness of a star when a planet crosses in front of it. Isro said very few such spectrographs exist around the world (mostly in the U.S. and Europe) that can do such precise measurements. It is expected to be launched in 2020. The newly discovered planet was found around a Sun-like star, according to Isro. But it does not necessarily mean that these planets are also habitable or have conditions necessary to support life. "Extra" implies that these are outside our solar system.
The first exoplanet was discovered in the early 1990s.