Since 1990, eight human cases have been confirmed in OR and two in Idaho.
There are a few cases every year in the USA and more in other parts of the world. People can reduce the chance of encountering plague by avoiding contact with wild rodents, their fleas and rodent carcasses. CDC statistics state that an average of seven human cases are reported every year in the United States.
Central District Health Department, said in the statement about the infected child.
A child in Idaho is recovering after being struck with the plague, leaving many wondering how the plague exists in the 21st century.
Early diagnosis and early treatment can save lives since antibiotic treatment is effective against the plague bacteria.
A state health official told the Idaho Statesman newspaper that the public is advised to "wear insect repellant, long trousers and socks when visiting plague affected areas".
Plague is a bacterial disease of rodents that is transmitted through the bites of infected fleas and can cause serious illness to people and pets if not treated quickly.
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Sick pets should be examined promptly by a veterinarian, especially if they may have had contact with sick or dead rodents in the desert areas south and east of Boise.
Bubonic plague accounts for about 80 percent of plague cases in humans, and symptoms include fever, headache, chills, weakness or swollen lymph nodes. When a case does crop up in the USA, disease detectives try to find every person an infected individual came into contact with. Those outbreaks, like a recent severe one in Madagascar, can become more unsafe.
While plague in humans is rare, experts say it occurs naturally in some rodent populations, including ground squirrels in Idaho.
Ken Gage, a researcher focused on vector-borne disease at the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, told NPR in 2014 that there are a number of rodents in the American West that are susceptible to plague.
In the USA, people can contract the plague when disposing of squirrels or mice that died from the infection or traveled to an area where infected animals live. "If they get on another rodent that they can live on, then they've been successful".
- Wear gloves if you are handling or skinning potentially infected animals to prevent contact between your skin and the plague bacteria. But fortunately, antibiotics make it possible to treat most cases now. In 2015, 16 cases of plague were reported and, in 2016, there were only 4 cases.