The World Health Organisation intends to stop the global supply of trans fats by 2023.
Unveiling the campaign in Geneva, WHO Director-General Tedros Adhanom Ghebreyesus urged governments to act.
Officials think it can be done in five years because the work is well underway in many countries.
While fewer and fewer foods now contain trans fats, some may still have a small amount. But healthier alternatives, which are generally more expensive, can be used that would not affect taste or cost of food.
Promote the replacement of these fats with healthier oils.
Trans-fatty acids can also occur naturally in meat and dairy products from ruminant animals (e.g. cattle, sheep, goats, etc).
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World Health Organization global ambassador for noncommunicable diseases Michael R. Bloomberg, a former three-term mayor of New York City who acted strongly against trans fats, said what he did "helped reduce the number of heart attacks without changing the taste or cost of food", just like his strong action against tobacco "allowed us to make more progress globally over the last decade than nearly anyone thought possible".
"The world is now setting its sights on today's leading killers particularly heart disease, which kills more people than any other cause in nearly every country", said Frieden, who is president of a New-York-based philanthropy-funded project called Resolve to Save Lives. The U.S. now has a ban in place going into effect next month.
Due to its longer shelf life and other characteristics, hydrogenated oil is commonly added to baked goods, snacks, deep-fried fare and cold pastries, and dough, like frozen pizza and cinnamon rolls. Hydrogenated fats are basically vegetable oil which has an extra hydrogen atom attached to its molecules using industrial processes, resulting in a substance that hardens into solid fat at lower temperatures, as the FDA described them. They used them in such fare as doughnuts, cookies and deep-fried foods. Diets high in trans-fat increase heart disease risk by 21 per cent and deaths by 28 per cent.
The agency estimates that every year trans-fat intake leads to more than 500,000 deaths from cardiovascular disease.
Switzerland, Britain, Canada, and the USA have all already moved to ban trans fats. "It is important to create awareness among people to read the nutrition label on food products which gives information about main ingredients and the percentage of trans fats".
Quartz: How trans fat fell from grace to become a foodie villain (Purdy, 5/14).