Forman was born in the Czech Republic in 1932, and emigrated to the US after the Prague Spring uprising in 1968. The Hollywood icon twice won the Academy Award for Best Director; first for "One Flew Over the Cuckoo's Nest" in 1975 and then for "Amadeus" in 1984. It won five Academy Awards, including best picture and best director for Forman. It was nominated for the best foreign language film Oscar, as was the follow up, The Fireman's Ball - a brilliantly scabrous account of a chaotic official social event that again incurred the wrath of the Communist authorities.
After settling in the United States, he drew on his experiences in totalitarian regimes while making such films as "One Flew Over the Cuckoo's Nest", a dark comedy set in a grim, prisonlike mental asylum, based on the novel by Ken Kesey.
Before emigrating, Forman studied at the Prague Film Academy (FAMU) and was a leading figure of the Czechoslovak New Wave film movement, along with directors Ivan Passer, Vera Chytilova and others.
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"In his films you can see the author", he said.
Milos Forman born in Czechoslovakia, his father was killed in the camp of Buchenwald, and his mother died in Auschwitz. His other movies included Hair (1979), Ragtime (1981), Valmont (1989), Man on the Moon (1999) and Goya's Ghosts (2006), the latter of which proved to be his final directorial offering.
In another adaptation, this time from an E. L. Doctorow novel and nominated for eight Oscars, Forman explored the roots of racism in the USA via an epic 1900s fresco set in and around NY following a black jazz pianist's experience of deep injustice and his radical rebellion, with fatal consequences.
The Czech government, realizing the money to be made by letting "Amadeus" be filmed in Prague, allowed Forman to come home, and the public hailed his return. The Czech-born director is survived by his wife Martina and his four children, Peter, Matej, Andrew, and James.